Charquieh Mine A, L1 (Cretaceous to of Syria)

Where: Syria (34.3° N, 37.8° E: paleocoordinates 16.0° N, 32.6° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Late/Upper Campanian to Late/Upper Campanian (83.5 - 66.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: shallow subtidal; phosphatic, gray, yellow phosphorite and limestone

• very shallow environments with submarine highs
• The phosphates are intercalated within a lower lumachellic limestone mainly composed of the oyster Ambigostrea villei and an upper alternation of marls, dolomites and limestones. The phosphates are yellow to grey, mainly soft

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: N. Bardet, H. Cappetta, X. Pereda Suberbiola, M. Mouty, A. K. Al Maleh, A. M. Ahmed, O. Khrata and N. Gannoum. 2000. The marine vertebrate faunas from the Late Cretaceous phosphates of Syria. Geological Magazine 137(3):269-290 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 117853: authorized by Philip Mannion, entered by Philip Mannion on 28.09.2011, edited by Roger Benson

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Specimens housed in the Université de Montpellier (UM-Collection Syrie) and Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris (MNHN-Collection Syrie)
 Rajiformes -
Hamrabatis sp. Cappetta 1991 ray
Erguitaia sp. Cappetta 1989 ray
 Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhinobatos sp. Link 1790 guitarfish
"Rhinobatos sp.1 & sp.2"
 Rajiformes -
Parapalaeobates atlanticus Arambourg 1952 guitarfish
 Rhinopristiformes - Pristidae
Dalpiazia stromeri Checchia-Rispoli 1933 sawfish
Schizorhiza stromeri Weiler 1930 sawfish
 Sclerorhynchiformes - Sclerorhynchidae
Plicatopristis strougoi Cappetta 1991 elasmobranch
Ctenopristis sp. Arambourg 1940 elasmobranch
 Euselachii -
Myliobatiformes indet. Compagno 1973 stingray
 Myliobatiformes -
Coupatezia sp. Cappetta 1982 stingray
"Coupatezia sp.1"
 Myliobatiformes - Rhombodontidae
Rhombodus aff. meridionalis Arambourg 1952 stingray
 Lamniformes - Anacoracidae
Squalicorax sp. Whitley 1939 crow shark
Squalicorax pristodontus Agassiz 1843 crow shark
 Lamniformes - Mitsukurinidae
Scapanorhynchus rapax Quaas 1902 goblin shark
 Lamniformes - Cretoxyrhinidae
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias sp. Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Galeomorphi -
Youssoubatis sp. Cappetta 1992 shark
Hypsobatis sp. Cappetta 1992 shark
 Orectolobiformes - Ginglymostomatidae
Plicatoscyllium sp. Case and Cappetta 1997 nurse shark
 Teleostei -
Teleostei indet. Müller 1846
 Elopiformes - Phyllodontidae
Phyllodontidae indet. Sauvage 1875
 Salmoniformes - Enchodontidae
 Pycnodontiformes - Pycnodontidae
Pycnodontidae indet. Agassiz 1835
 Testudines -
 Testudines - Bothremydidae
Taphrosphyini indet.1 Gaffney et al. 2006 sideneck turtle
 Loricata -
 Squamata - Pachyvaranidae
Pachyvaranus crassispondylus2 Arambourg 1952 squamates
 Squamata - Mosasauridae
Mosasauridae indet. Gervais 1852 mosasaur
Mosasaurus lemonnieri Dollo 1889 mosasaur
Globidens sp. Gilmore 1912 mosasaur
Plioplatecarpini indet. Russell 1967 mosasaur
"Leiodon anceps" = Liodon anceps Owen 1841 mosasaur
 Sauropterygia - Elasmosauridae
Elasmosauridae indet. Cope 1869 elasmosaur
  - Trigonodontidae