KUVP Ellis-5 (Cretaceous of the United States)

Where: Ellis County, Kansas (39.1° N, 99.2° W: paleocoordinates 39.5° N, 63.9° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Fairport Member (Carlile Shale Formation), Turonian (93.9 - 89.8 Ma)

• "At this locality the Fairport is overlain by the Blue Hill Shale."; "It was situated about 6 m (20 ft) below the Blue Hill Shale-Fairport Chalk contact."; "The Fairport Chalk has generally been regarded as the lowest member of the Carlile Formation, but some workers (Hattin, 1962, p. 125) have concluded that the Fairport Chalk fulfills the qualifications for formational status."

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; chalk

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: coprolite

Collected by J. D. Stewart in 1975

Primary reference: L. D. Martin and J. D. Stewart. 1977. The oldest (Turonian) mosasaurs from Kansas. Journal of Paleontology 51(5):973-975 [M. Carrano/H. Street/H. Street]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 102879: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Hallie Street on 20.01.2011

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea congesta Conrad 1843 oyster
Cephalopoda
 Ammonitida - Collignoniceratidae
Collignoniceras woollgari Mantell 1822 ammonite
Chondrichthyes
 Hybodontiformes - Ptychodontidae
Ptychodus whipplei Marcou 1858 elasmobranch
teeth
 Lamniformes - Anacoracidae
Squalicorax falcatus Agassiz 1843 crow shark
teeth
 Lamniformes - Eoptolamnidae
Leptostyrax crassidens mackerel shark
teeth
 Lamniformes - Cretoxyrhinidae
Cretoxyrhina mantelli Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
teeth
Cretolamna appendiculata Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
teeth
Actinopteri
 Salmoniformes - Enchodontidae
Enchodus sp. Agassiz 1843
palatines
 Ichthyodectiformes - Ichthyodectidae
Xiphactinus audax Leidy 1870
two partial tails and one partial cranium
Reptilia
 Testudines - Protostegidae
"Desmatochelys lowi" = Desmatochelys lowii
"Desmatochelys lowi" = Desmatochelys lowii Williston 1894 sea turtle
 Squamata - Mosasauridae
Mosasauridae indet. Gervais 1852 mosasaur
KUVP 25869, maxilla fragment
 Ichnofossils -
Crossopodia sp. M'Coy 1851