Orciano Pisano: Piacenzian, Italy

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Polychaeta - Siboglinidae
Osedax sp. Rouse et al. 2004
Higgs et al. 2012
Actinopteri - Lophiiformes - Lophiidae
Lophius piscatorius Linnaeus 1758
Schultz 2006
Reptilia - Testudines - Cheloniidae
Cheloniidae indet. Bonaparte 1832
Chesi and Delfino 2006
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Alcidae
Uria ausonia n. sp. Portis 1887
Portis 1887
recombined as Alca ausonia
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Falconidae
Falco pisanus n. sp. Portis 1887
Portis 1887
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Podicipedidae
Fulica pisana n. sp. Portis 1887
Portis 1887
synonym of Podiceps auritus
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Anatidae
Fuligula arctina n. sp. Portis 1887
Portis 1887
Mammalia - Dugongidae
Metaxytherium cf. subappeninum
Dominici et al. 2018
Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae
Pristiphoca ? occitana (Gervais and de Serres 1847)
Lawley 1876
nomen nudum belonging to Monachinae
Mammalia - Cetacea - Balaenopteridae
? Balaenoptera sp. Lacépède 1804
Pilleri 1987
Cetotheriophanes cf. capellinii (Brandt 1873)
Dominici et al. 2018 1 specimen
WFi4-8
Mammalia - Cetacea - Balaenidae
? Balaenidae indet. (Gray 1821)
Pilleri 1987
original and current combination Balanadae
Balaenula sp. Van Beneden 1872
Dominici et al. 2018 2 specimens
WFi4-5, WFi4-9
Balaenula balaenopsis (Van Beneden 1872)
Bianucci 1996
Balaenotus sp. Van Beneden 1872
Pilleri 1987
Balaenotus orcianensis n. sp. Pilleri 1987
Pilleri 1987
Balaenotus insignis Van Beneden 1872
Pilleri 1987
Balaenotus cf. insignis Van Beneden 1872
Pilleri 1987
Balaena sp. Linnaeus 1758
Pilleri 1987
Balaenula montalionis (Capellini 1904)
Pilleri 1987
original and current combination Balaena montalionis
Mammalia - Cetacea - Tranatocetidae
Mesocetus sp. Van Beneden 1880
Pilleri 1987
Mammalia - Cetacea
Squalodon sp. Grateloup 1840
Pilleri 1987
    = Odontoceti indet. Flower 1867
Uhen 2500
Odontoceti indet. Flower 1867
Pilleri 1987
Mammalia - Cetacea - Kogiidae
Dioplodon sp. Gervais 1850
Ugolini 1902
    = Kogia sp. Gray 1846
Bianucci and Sorbini 2014
also ref 15089
Kogia cf. simus (Owen 1866)
Pilleri 1986
recombined as Kogia sima
Kogia cf. breviceps (Blainville 1838)
Pilleri 1986
Mammalia - Cetacea - Delphinidae
Delphinidae indet. Gray 1821
Pilleri 1987
Steno sp. Gray 1846
Ugolini 1902
Hemisyntrachelus sp. (Brandt 1873)
Dominici et al. 2018 1 specimen
DFi4-4
Delphinus cortesii Fischer 1829
Lawley 1876 2 specimens
[entered as Tursiops cortesi by ref 13332]
    = Hemisyntrachelus pisanus n. sp. Bianucci 1996
Bianucci 1996
synonym of Hemisyntrachelus cortesii
Delphinus giulii n. sp. Lawley 1876
Lawley 1876
    = Steno giulii Lawley 1876
Pilleri 1987
    = Stenella giulii Lawley 1876
Bianucci 1996
recombined as Etruridelphis giulii
Steno bellardii Portis 1886
Pilleri 1987
synonym of Etruridelphis giulii
Tursiops sp. Gervais 1855
Ugolini 1902
Delphinus brocchii (Balsamo Crivelli 1842)
Lawley 1876
recombined as Tursiops brochii
Mammalia - Cetacea - Ziphiidae
Ziphiidae indet. Gray 1850
Higgs et al. 2012
WFi4-11
? Mesoplodon sp. Gervais 1850
Capellini 1885
Dioplodon meneghini n. sp.
Lawley 1876 1 specimen
synonym of Mesoplodon
Dioplodon medilineatus (Owen 1870)
Capellini 1885 1 specimen
nomen dubium belonging to Mesoplodon
see common names

Geography
Country:Italy
Coordinates: 43.5° North, 10.5° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:43.4° North, 10.4° East
Basis of coordinate:estimated from map
Geographic resolution:local area
Time
Period:Neogene Epoch:Pliocene
Stage:Piacenzian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
Key time interval:Piacenzian Other zone: MPL4b/MPL5a
Age range of interval:3.60000 - 2.58800 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:blue mudstone
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: shelf mudstone
Environment:open shallow subtidal
Geology comments: whale fall
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body,original phosphate
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Collection methods and comments
Reason for describing collection:general faunal/floral analysis
Metadata
Database number:47428
Authorizer:M. Uhen Enterer:M. Uhen
Modifier:M. Uhen Research group:vertebrate
Created:2005-02-24 12:04:45 Last modified:2019-10-24 16:37:19
Access level:the public Released:2005-02-24 12:04:45
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

12747. G. Pilleri. 1986. The taxonomic status of Schizodelphis elongatus = Miokogia elongatus (Probst, 1886) (Cetacea, Physeteridae). Investigations on Cetacea 18:155-162 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]

Secondary references:

12278 G. Bianucci. 1996. The Odontoceti (Mammalia, Cetacea) from Italian Pliocene systematics and phylogenesis of Delphinidae. Palaeontologrphia Italia 83:73-167 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
15089 G. Bianucci. 1996. I cetaci fossili del Museo di Storia Naturale dell'Universita di Pisa. Atta della Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali Memoire Serie A 103:63-68 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
32997 G. Bianucci and W. Landini. 2005. I paleositi a vertebrati fossili della Provinia di Pisa. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali - Memorie serie A 110:1-21 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
54304 G. Bianucci and C. Sorbini. 2014. Le collezioni a cetacei fossili del Museo di Storia Naturale dell’Università di Pisa. Museologia Scientifica Memorie 13:93-102 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
14622 G. Capellini. 1885. Resti fossili di Dioplodon e Mesoplodon. Memorie della R. Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna 6:289-306 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
64633 F. Chesi and M. Delfino. 2006. The Italian fossil record of the sea turtles. Atti del 6° Congresso Nazionale della Societas Herpetologica Italica (Roma, 27.IX-1.X.2006) 95-116 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
64526 E. Cioppi. 2014. I cetacei fossili a Firenze, una storia lunga più di 250 anni. Museologia Scientifica Memorie 13:81-89 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
33355 S. Danise, S. Dominici, and U. Betocchi. 2010. Mollusk species at a Pliocene shelf whale fall (Orciano Pisano, Tuscany). Palaios 25:449-456 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
62879 S. Dominici, E. Cioppi, S. Danise, U. Betocchi, G. Gallai, F. Tangocci, G. Valleri and S. Monechi. 2009. Mediterranean fossil whale falls and the adaptation of mollusks to extreme habitats. Geology 37(9):815-818 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
64034 S. Dominici, S. Danise, and M. Benvenuti. 2018. Pliocene stratigraphic paleobiology in Tuscany and the fossil record of marine megafauna. Earth-Science Reviews 176:277-310 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
42702 N. D. Higgs, C. T. S. Little, A. G. Glover, T. G. Bahlgren, C. R. Smith and S. Dominici. 2012. Evidence of Osedax worm borings in Pliocene ( 3 Ma) whale bone from the Mediterranean. Historical Biology 24(3):269-277 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
26035 R. Lawley. 1876. Nuovi studi sopra i pesci ed altri vertebrati fossili delle colline Toscane 1-122 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
15410 G. Pilleri. 1986. Pygmy sperm whales (Kogia) in the Italian Pliocene. Investigations on Cetacea 18:133-144 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
13332 G. Pilleri. 1987. The Cetacea of the Italian Pliocene 1-160 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
38944 A. Portis. 1887. Contirbuzioni alla Ornitolitologia Italiana. Memorie della Reale Accademie della Scienze di Torino ser. 2(36):181-203 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
62739 O. Schultz. 2006. An Anglerfish, Lophius (Osteichthyes, Euteleostei, Lophiidae), from the Leitha Limestone (Badenian, Middle Mio­cene) of the Vienna Basin, Austria (Central Paratethys). Beitrage Paläontologie 30:427-435 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
16905 G. Tavani. 1941. Revisione dei resti del pinnipede conservato nel museo di geologia di Pisa. Palaeontographica Italica 40:97-112 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
26038 R. Ugolini. 1902. Di un resto fossile di Dioplodon del giacimento Pliocenico di Orciano. Atti della Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali Residente in Pisa Memorie 18:10-15 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/J. Alroy]
26039 R. Ugolini. 1902. Nuovi resti di cetacei fossili del Giacimento Pliocenico di Orciano. Atti della Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali Residente in Pisa Memorie 18:16-21 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/J. Alroy]