Udabno I (Miocene of Georgia)

Where: Georgia (41.5° N, 45.4° E: paleocoordinates 41.3° N, 48.6° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: MN 11 (8.7 - 7.8 Ma)

• upper Sarmatian

•"c. 110 m below the basis of the 'Shiraqi' complex... Upper Sarmatian or Lower Meotis, which corresponds with the Lower Turolian (MN 11)" (Gabunia et al. 2001)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; siliciclastic sediments

• "moderately lush forest biotypes interplaced with relatively more open settings"
• "sediments of continental origins, interspersed by colourful clay layers with inclusions of sand dunes and conglomerates" (Gabunia et al. 2001)

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: E. I. Belyaeva. 1948. Catalogue of Tertiary Fossil Sites of the Land Mammals in the U.S.S.R. [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 75087: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 21.09.2007, edited by John Alroy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Primates - Hominidae
Udabnopithecus garedziensis n. gen. n. sp. Burtshak and Gabashvili 1945 ape
 Perissodactyla - Chalicotheriidae
Chalicotherium sp. Kaup 1833 chalicothere
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Aceratherium cf. incisivum Cuvier 1824 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion garedzicum hipparionine horse
 Carnivora -
Adcrocuta eximia Roth and Wagner 1854 carnivoran
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Plesiogulo cf. brachygnathus mustelid carnivore
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Tetralophodon cf. longirostris Kaup 1832 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Deinotherium giganteum Kaup 1829 deinothere
 Ungulata - Suidae
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Giraffidae indet. Gray 1821 giraffe
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Tragocerus sp. Gaudry 1861 antelope
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer