Station 439 [Futuna Limestone] (Miocene of Fiji)

Where: Fiji (18.5° S, 178.5° E: paleocoordinates 18.4° S, 178.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Futuna Limestone Formation, Middle Miocene (16.0 - 11.6 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From Futuna Limestone, which overlies the Lau volcanics (?Early-Middle Miocene), and are overlain by the Koro Mbasanga volcanics (?Late Miocene). AGE: Lower Miocene according to Ladd (1945), and stage "f" of Van der Vlerk. Ladd's age is based on lyellian percentages so should be treated with caution. Lad (1966, 1972, 1977, 1982) appear to suggest a Middle Miocene age, which is adopted here. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: Basal foraminiferal limeston.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lithified limestone

• ENVIRONMENT: Unknown environment, though presumably shallow water carbonate.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Foraminiferal limestone. LITHIFICATION: Presumed lithified, as stated to be limestone, hill capping, and with limited diversity.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: COLLECTOR: H.S. Ladd and E.J. Hoffmeister, presumably with others. REPOSITORY: Unknown, possibly the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, or the USNM.

Primary reference: H. S. Ladd and J. E. Hoffmeister. 1945. Geology of Lau, Fiji. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 181 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 68301: authorized by Arnold Miller, entered by Austin Hendy on 14.01.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COMPLETENESS: Exhaustive for echinoidea, gastropoda, bivalvia, bryozoa, brachiopoda, and decapoda. NOMENCLATURE: Authoritative publication, although somewhat antiquated. Regular use of subgenera and species level identifications. Nomenclature vetted by A. Hendy (1/2007).
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Pecten (Chlamys) nausorensis" = Chlamys
"Pecten (Chlamys) nausorensis" = Chlamys scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea (Lopha) oneatensis" = Lopha
"Ostrea (Lopha) oneatensis" = Lopha oyster
 Spatangoida - Loveniidae
Lovenia gigantea heart urchin