Stark Quarry, Schamhaupten (Jurassic of Germany)

Where: Bayern, Germany (48.9° N, 11.6° E: paleocoordinates 40.2° N, 19.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Painten Formation, Late/Upper Kimmeridgian (155.7 - 150.8 Ma)

• Malm Epsilon 2 (setatum subzone), Weissjura epsilon; listed as both Solnhofen Formation, and as Painten Fm./Schamhaupten Subformation, "Profilschicht E3". Beckeri zone, Ulmense subzone.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lagoonal or restricted shallow subtidal; cherty/siliceous lime mudstone and bindstone

• "silicified, laminated limestone" and bindstones

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: adpression, soft parts

Collected by H. Balzer, G. Viohl, U. Gerhard, M. Röper in 1988-1998

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (in situ), mechanical,

• collected by Jura Museum and University of Bonn. Taxa not separated into beds, but clearly there are differences in abundances between layers - could be separated into collections if future publications provide more info.

Primary reference: G. Arratia. 2000. Remarkable teleostean fishes from the Late Jurassic of southern Germany and their phylogenetic relationships. Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, Geowissenschaften Reihe 3:137-179 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 59175: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Kaitlin Maguire on 20.03.2006, edited by Matthew Carrano, John Alroy, Jonathan Tennant and Christina Feng

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Orthoptera -
Grylloidea indet.10 Laicharting 1781 grasshopper
 Isopoda -
Isopoda indet.10 Latreille 1817 isopod
on skeleton of Juravenator
 Decapoda -
Palinuroidea indet.10 Latreille 1802 decapod
 Decapoda - Coleiidae
Coleia longipes10 Fraas 1855 decapod
JME Scha 1531
 Decapoda - Glypheidae
Glyphea sp.10 Von Meyer 1835 decapod
 Decapoda - Axiidae
Etallonia hoellorum n. sp.10 Polz 1999 decapod
Ostracoda indet.9 Latreille 1802 ostracod
Brachiopoda indet.9 lamp shell
 Terebratulida - Zeilleriidae
 Terebratulida - Terebratulidae
 Rhynchonellida - Cyclothyrididae
Torquirhynchia sp.10 Childs 1969
 Rhynchonellida - Basiliolidae
Lacunosella sp.10 Wisniewska 1932
Bivalvia indet.9 Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Pectinida - Propeamussiidae
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
 Pleurotomariida - Pleurotomariidae
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Buckmanina sp.10 Cossmann 1920 top snail
 Belemnoidea - Belemnopseidae
 Belemnitida - Belemnotheutidae
Acanthoteuthis sp.10 Wagner in Munster 1839 belemnite
 Coleoidea -
Vampyromorpha indet.10 Robson 1929 vampire squids
 Ammonoidea -
Ammonoidea indet.9 ammonite
35 spp.
 Ammonitida - Oppeliidae
Oppeliidae indet.10 Bonarelli 1894 ammonite
 Cyclostomata -
"Berenicea" sp.10 Lamouroux 1821
 Heterodontiformes - Heterodontidae
Paracestracion viohli n. sp.7 Kriwet 2008 bullhead shark
JM Scha 728
 Elopiformes - Elopidae
Anaethalion zapporum n. sp. Arratia 2000
JM SCh 85
? Elopsomolos sp. Arratia 2000
= "Elops-like sp. 1"
 Leptolepidiformes - Leptolepididae
"Tharsis sp." = Leptolepis10
"Tharsis sp." = Leptolepis10 Agassiz 1843
 Ichthyodectiformes -
Allothrissops sp. Nybelin 1964
Ascalabothrissops voelkli n. gen. n. sp. Arratia 2000
JM SCh 30a, b
 Pycnodontiformes - Gyrodontidae
Gyrodus sp.10 Agassiz 1843
 Macrosemiiformes -
Voelklichthys comitatus n. gen. n. sp.2
Voelklichthys comitatus n. gen. n. sp.2 Arratia and Schultze 2012
JM-E SCH 102 (found on same slab as Juravenator starki holotype)
 Lepisosteiformes -
Scheenstia zappi n. sp.8 López-Arbarello and Sfercoa 2009 gar
JME Scha 80
 Coelacanthiformes - Latimeriidae
Undina pencillata10 coelacanth
 Testudines - Eurysternidae
Eurysternidae indet.5 Dollo 1886 turtle
JM SCHA 101, shell with eggs
Eurysternum wagleri6 Meyer 1839 turtle
JME Scha 97, 70
Solnhofia parsonsi4 Gaffney 1975 turtle
JME Scha 70
 Avetheropoda -
Juravenator starki n. gen. n. sp.3
Juravenator starki n. gen. n. sp.3 Göhlich and Chiappe 2006 coelurosaur
JME SCh 200
 Pterosauria - Rhamphorhynchidae
Rhamphorhynchus sp.10 Meyer 1847 pterosaur
 Loricata - Metriorhynchidae
Dakosaurus maximus1 Plieninger 1846 marine crocodile
 Squamata - Mosasauridae
Leptosaurus pulchellus9 Zittel 1887 mosasaur
 Ichthyosauria -
Ichthyosauria indet.10 ichthyosaur
sclerotic ring
Echinoidea indet.9 Leske 1778 sea urchin
 Irregularia - Pygasteridae
Pygaster sp.10 sea urchin
 Millericrinida -
 Roveacrinida - Saccocomidae
Saccocoma tenella10 Goldfuss 1831 Sea lily
 Zoantharia -
Scleractinia indet.9 Bourne 1900 stony coral
 Pinales - Araucariaceae
Araucarites sp.10 Presl 1833
 Pinales -
Brachyphyllum sp.9 Brongniart 1828
  - Sphenopteridae
Sphenopteris sp.10 Sternberg 1825
Phaeophyceae indet.10 brown algae
Goniolina sp.10 de Saporta 1891
Tubiphytes morronensis
""Tubiphytes" morronensis" = Crescentiella morronensis10
""Tubiphytes" morronensis" = Crescentiella morronensis10 Crescenti 1969