USGS 10340, 10613 (City Rock quarry near cemetery) (Eocene of the United States)

Where: New Hanover County, North Carolina (34.2° N, 77.9° W: paleocoordinates 34.1° N, 68.8° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Castle Hayne Formation, Bartonian (41.3 - 38.0 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: deep subtidal ramp; lithified, pebbly, phosphatic, shelly/skeletal wackestone and grainstone

• The Castle Hayne Limestone was deposited in an open, normal salinity environment between 30 m and 100 m in water depth. Comfort Member contains cross-bedded intervals, suggesting some energy, consistent with deep subtidal environment.
• Kier: three facies in ascending stratigraphic order: phosphate pebble biomicrudite, bryozoan biosparrudite, bryozoan biomicrudite; Kellum: fragmented shell rock

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: cast

Reposited in the USGS

Primary reference: L.B. Kellum. 1926. Paleontology and Stratigraphy of the Castle Hayne and Trent Marls in North Carolina. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (143)1-56 [A. Miller/K. Layou/K. Layou]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 5436: authorized by Arnold Miller, entered by Karen Layou on 04.10.1999, edited by Marko Manojlovic and Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida - Terebratulidae
"Terebratula wilmingtonensis" = Plicatoria wilmingtonensis
"Terebratula wilmingtonensis" = Plicatoria wilmingtonensis Lyell and Sowerby 1845
 Terebratulida - Cancellothyrididae
Terebratulina capillata n. sp.2 Cooper 1988
 Terebratulida - Chlidonophoridae
Eucalathis sp.2 Fischer and Oehlert 1890
 Rhynchonellida - Basiliolidae
Probolarina salpinx1, "Rhynchonella holmesii" = Probolarina holmesi
"Rhynchonella holmesii" = Probolarina holmesi Dall 1903
Craniata
 Craniida - Craniidae
Crania sp.2 Retzius 1781
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
Arca "sp. a" Linnaeus 1758 ark
Arca "sp. b" Linnaeus 1758 ark
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Spondylus lamellacea, "Pecten (Pseudamusium) scintillatus" = Eburneopecten scintillatus, "Pecten (Chlamys) membranosus" = Chlamys, "Pecten (Chlamys) deshayesii" = Chlamys deshayesii
Spondylus lamellacea Kellum 1926 scallop
"Pecten (Pseudamusium) scintillatus" = Eburneopecten scintillatus Conrad 1854 scallop
"Pecten (Chlamys) membranosus" = Chlamys scallop
"Pecten (Chlamys) deshayesii" = Chlamys deshayesii Lea 1833 scallop
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
Plicatula filamentosa Conrad 1833 scallop
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
"Ostrea trigonalis" = Gigantostrea trigonalis
"Ostrea trigonalis" = Gigantostrea trigonalis Conrad 1854 oyster
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea sellaeformis" = Cubitostrea sellaeformis
"Ostrea sellaeformis" = Cubitostrea sellaeformis Conrad 1832 oyster
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
"Crassatellites alta" = Crassatella, "Crassatellites "sp. a"" = Crassatella, "Crassatellites "sp. b"" = Crassatella
"Crassatellites alta" = Crassatella clam
"Crassatellites "sp. a"" = Crassatella Lamarck 1799 clam
"Crassatellites "sp. b"" = Crassatella Lamarck 1799 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Venericardia ? nasuta" = Venericardia (Claibornicardia) nasuta Dall 1903 clam
Venericardia sp. Lamarck 1801 clam
 Cardiida - Gastrochaenidae
Gastrochaena sp. Spengler 1783 clam
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama "sp. a" Linnaeus 1758 jewel box
Chama "sp. b" Linnaeus 1758 jewel box
 Cardiida - Glossidae
Meiocardia carolinae Harris 1919 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
 Poromyida - Verticordiidae
 Pholadomyida - Pholadomyidae
Pholadomya claibornensis Aldrich 1886 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Lucina sp., "Phacoides (Miltha) ? pandatus" = Miltha
Lucina sp. Bruguière 1797 clam
"Phacoides (Miltha) ? pandatus" = Miltha clam
Gastropoda
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
"Epitonium aequabile n. sp." = Epitonium (Epitonium) aequabile, "Epitonium dignitatis n. sp." = Epitonium (Epitonium) dignitatis
"Epitonium aequabile n. sp." = Epitonium (Epitonium) aequabile Kellum 1926 wentletrap
"Epitonium dignitatis n. sp." = Epitonium (Epitonium) dignitatis Kellum 1926 wentletrap
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Fusinus sp. Rafinesque 1815 snail
 Neogastropoda - Mitridae
? Mitra sp. Lamarck 1798 mitre shell
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Marginella sp. Lamarck 1799 margin shell
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
Caricella sp. Conrad 1835 volute
 Neogastropoda - Turbinellidae
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
Strombus ? sp. Linnaeus 1758 conch
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
Cypraea "sp. a" Linnaeus 1758 cowry
Cypraea "sp. b" Linnaeus 1758 cowry
Cypraea "sp. c" Linnaeus 1758 cowry
Cypraea "sp. d" Linnaeus 1758 cowry
Cypraea "sp. e" Linnaeus 1758 cowry
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Calyptraea sp. Lamarck 1799 slipper shell
 Xenophoroidea - Xenophoridae
Xenophora sp. Fischer von Waldheim 1807 carrier shell
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
Cassis ? sp. Scopoli 1777 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Siliquariidae
"Siliquaria vitis" = Tenagodus vitis
"Siliquaria vitis" = Tenagodus vitis Conrad 1835 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella subtilis n. sp. Kellum 1926 turret shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Cerithium ? sp. Bruguière 1789 cerith snail
 Pleurotomarioidea - Pleurotomariidae
"Pleurotomaria hanoverensis n. sp." = Perotrochus (Perotrochus) hanoverensis, Pleurotomaria "sp. a"
"Pleurotomaria hanoverensis n. sp." = Perotrochus (Perotrochus) hanoverensis Kellum 1926 snail
Pleurotomaria "sp. a" Defrance 1826 snail
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
Emarginula sp., "Fissuridea sp." = Diodora
Emarginula sp. Lamarck 1801 snail
"Fissuridea sp." = Diodora Gray 1821 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Calliostoma sp. Swainson 1840 top snail
Cephalopoda
 Nautilida - Aturiidae
Aturia alabamensis Morton 1834 nautiloid
 Nautilida - Nautilidae
Eutrephoceras carolinensis Kellum 1926 nautiloid
Echinoidea
 Cidaroida - Cidaridae
Cidaris pratti Clark and Twitchell 1915 pencil urchin
 Spatangoida - Prenasteridae
"Macropneustes carolinensis" = Unifascia carolinensis
"Macropneustes carolinensis" = Unifascia carolinensis Clark and Twitchell 1915 heart urchin
 Spatangoida - Schizasteridae
Agassizia wilmingtonica3 Cooke 1942 heart urchin
Linthia wilmingtonensis Clark and Twitchell 1915 heart urchin
Linthia hanoverensis n. sp. Kellum 1926 heart urchin
 Spatangoida - Loveniidae
Hemipatagus subrostratus Clark and Twitchell 1915 heart urchin
 Spatangoida - Brissidae
Eupatagus wilsoni3 Kier 1980 heart urchin
Eupatagus carolinensis3 Clark and Twitchell 1915 heart urchin
 Echinolampadoida - Echinolampadidae
Echinolampas appendiculata3 Emmons 1858 sea urchin
 Cassiduloida - Cassidulidae
"Rhyncholampas carolinensis" = Rhyncholampas carolinensis3, "Cassidulus (Rhynchopygus) carolinensis" = Rhyncholampas carolinensis
"Rhyncholampas carolinensis" = Rhyncholampas carolinensis3 Clark and Twitchell 1915 sea urchin
"Cassidulus (Rhynchopygus) carolinensis" = Rhyncholampas carolinensis Clark and Twitchell 1915 sea urchin
 Clypeasteroida - Faujasiidae
"Cassidulus (Rhynchopygus) raveneli" = Rhynchopygus
"Cassidulus (Rhynchopygus) raveneli" = Rhynchopygus sand dollar
 Clypeasteroida - Protoscutellidae
Periarchus lyelli Conrad 1834 sand dollar