Uttarbeni-Parmandal section, Lower Nagrota Formation, Upper Siwaliks, Jammu prov (Pliocene of India)

Where: Jammu, India (32.7° N, 74.9° E: paleocoordinates 31.3° N, 75.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Lower Member (Nagrota Formation), Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Two distinct faunal zones in the Nagrota formation, separated by two tuffs dated to ~2.5Ma. The turnover is from Stegodon to Elephas, etc. This list is the earlier part.

Environment/lithology:

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: P. K. Basu. 2004. Siwalik mammals of the Jammu Sub-Himalaya, India: an appraisal of their diversity and habitats. Quaternary International 117:105-118 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 51101: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 27.05.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• This faunal list is a composite of collections from a number of localities in the area.
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Cormohipparion sp. Skinner and MacFadden 1977 hipparionine horse
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Anancus sp. Aymard 1855 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Stegodon sp. Falconer 1857 elephant
Elephas hysudriscus elephant
Very high in the sequence - found just below the middle tuff. Earliest occurence of Elephas in the Indian sub-continent.
 Proboscidea - Stegodontidae
Stegolophodon sp. Pohlig 1888 proboscidean
 Ungulata - Suidae
Hippohyus sp. Falconer and Cautley 1847 pig
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelus sp. Linnaeus 1758 camel
 Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
Hexaprotodon sivalensis Falconer and Cautley 1836 pygmy hippo
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
Elephas planifrons
  -
"Elephas planifrons" = Protelephas planifrons
"Elephas planifrons" = Protelephas planifrons Falconer and Cautley 1846