"Kuchurgan gravel", Ukraine (Pliocene of Ukraine)

Where: Ukraine (47.0° N, 30.0° E: paleocoordinates 47.2° N, 29.6° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: MN 14 (4.9 - 4.2 Ma)

• Early Ruscinian, Early Pliocene.


• In the Kuchurgan Alluvium.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Small mammal remains have been recovered from the alluvium, but are not detailed here.

Primary reference: E. A. Vangengeim, I. A. Vislobokova, and M. V. Sotnikova. 1998. Large Ruscinian Mammalia in the Territory of the Former Soviet Union. Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation 6(4):368-382 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 50913: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 24.05.2005, edited by Torsten Liebrecht

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Composite list of speciemns from several unidentified localities.
Pliohyaena sp.
Pliohyaena perrieri pyrenica
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Vipera (Daboia) kuchurganica n. sp. oriental viper
Holotype: 1 trunk vertebra (IZAN 37-2536); referred specimen: 2 trunk vertebrae (IZAN 37-2537 and 37-2538))
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus megarhinus rhinoceros
Dicerorhinus (= Stephanorhinus) megarhinus
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion cf. longipes Gromova 1952 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus ex gr. minimus Dev├ęze and Bouillet 1827 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustela sp. Linnaeus 1758 weasel
Promephitis sp. Gaudry 1861 mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Canidae
"Canis" sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx ex gr. brevirostris lynx
Lynx ex gr. brevirostris-issiodorensis
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
 Ungulata - Suidae
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Croizetoceros ramosus Croizet and Jobert 1828 deer