Massecaps locality, Cruzy (Cretaceous of France)

Where: Languedoc-Roussillon, France (43.3° N, 3.0° E: paleocoordinates 34.1° N, 4.0° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Grès à Reptiles Formation, Late/Upper Campanian (83.5 - 70.6 Ma)

• "Rognacian"

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: "floodplain"; ferruginous claystone and sandstone

• "variegated clays"; "which sometimes contain iron oxide nodules, and are cut by unfossiliferous sandy channels"

•‘‘The vertebrates are scattered through a thickness of about 1 m of variegated clays which sometimes contain iron oxide nodules, and are cut by unfossiliferous sandy channels. It would appear to be a floodplain deposit’’ (Buffetaut et al., 1999)

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected in 1996-

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, mechanical, sieve,

Primary reference: E. Buffetaut. 1998. First evidence of enantiornithine birds from the Upper Cretaceous of Europe: postcranial bones from Cruzy (Hérault, southern France). Oryctos 1:131-136 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 48870: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 01.04.2005, edited by Jonathan Tennant and Roger Benson

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Unionida - Unionidae
? Unionidae indet.3 Rafinesque 1820 freshwater mussel
Actinopteri
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteidae indet. Cuvier 1825 gar
Coelacanthimorpha
 Coelacanthiformes - Mawsoniidae
Mawsoniidae indet.4 Schultze 1993 coelacanth
Osteichthyes
 Temnospondyli - Albanerpetontidae
Albanerpetontidae indet.3 Fox and Naylor 1982 tetrapod
 Salientia -
Anura indet.3 frog
"reminiscent of the Discoglossidae"
Reptilia
 Testudines - Bothremydidae
Foxemys mechinorum6 Tong et al. 1998 sideneck turtle
"close to Foxemys"
 Testudinata - Helochelydridae
Solemys sp.3 de Lapparent de Broin and Murelaga 1996 turtle
 Dinosauria -
Dinosauria indet.3 dinosaur
unnamed fourth type of eggshell, prismatic dinosauroid
  - Prismatoolithidae
cf. Prismatoolithus sp.7 Zhao and Li 1993 dinosaur
prismatic dinosauroid eggshell
 Saurischia - Titanosauridae
Titanosauridae indet.1 Lydekker 1885 titanosaurid
"reminiscent of Ampelosaurus atacis"
Megaloolithus sp.3 Mikhailov 1991 titanosaurid
spherulitic dinosauroid eggshell
 Saurischia -
Ampelosaurus atacis Le Loeuff 1995 sauropod
 Avetheropoda - Dromaeosauridae
Dromaeosauridae indet.5 Colbert and Russell 1969 coelurosaur
"probably"; MC-M324, M561, M938, M228, M187, claw
Aves
 Enantiornithes -
Enantiornithes indet. Walker 1981 bird
Martinavis cruzyensis n. gen. n. sp.9 Walker et al. 2007 bird
ACAP-M 1957
Reptilia
 Saurischia - Abelisauridae
Abelisauridae indet.3 Bonaparte and Novas 1985 ceratosaur
 Saurischia - Laevisoolithidae
Laevisoolithidae indet.3 Mikhailov 1991 theropod
ratite, ornithoid eggshell
 Ornithischia - Nodosauridae
Nodosauridae indet.1 Marsh 1890 ornithischian
femur
 Neornithischia - Rhabdodontidae
Rhabdodon cf. septimanicus Buffetaut and Le Loeuff 1991 rhabdodontid
M4
 Pterosauria - Azhdarchidae
? Azhdarchidae indet.2 Nessov 1984 pterosaur
Wing metacarpal; Musée de Cruzy, No. M3929, right distal syncarpal
 Loricata -
Mesosuchia indet.3 Huxley 1875 crocodilian
Eusuchia indet.3 Huxley 1875 crocodilian
 Loricata - Allodaposuchidae
Allodaposuchus sp.1 Nopcsa 1928 crocodilian
braincase
 Loricata - Hylaeochampsidae
Acynodon iberoccitanus1 Buscalioni et al. 1997 crocodilian
jaw, teeth
 Squamata -
Varanoidea indet.3 Gray 1827 squamates
Mammalia
 Tribosphenida -
 Tribosphenida - Zhelestidae
Labes garimondi8 Pol et al. 1992 eutherian
Right mandible fragment, M2521
Pseudogeckoolithus
  -
? Pseudogeckoolithus sp.7 Vianey-Liaud and López-Martínez 1997