Al-Sarrar, Locality 5, Dam Formation (Miocene of Saudi Arabia)

Where: Saudi Arabia (26.0° N, 49.4° E: paleocoordinates 22.6° N, 46.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Dam Formation, Early/Lower Miocene (23.0 - 16.0 Ma)

• Late Early Miocene. There are 3 Formations in the succession - the Hadruck, Dam and Hofuf (Hofuf overlies the others). Type section of the Dam Formation is Jabal al Lidam. The depth of the formation at Al-Sarrar varies, but is around 30m. Near the Arabian Gulf the Formation is entirely marine, with more continental facies inland. The Al-Sarrar area is an area of 'continental sediments interbedded with the marine series'.

•Fauna has been collected from a number of localities which have been entered individually.

Environment/lithology: fluvial

• 'The lithologies, sedimentary structures (presence of palaeocurrents in loc. 6 and 8), the character of the fauna exclusively continental and the deposition laid down into low energy zone (specially in loc. 6 and 8 explaining the scarcity of small vertebrates and the association of postcranial bones) suggest a fluviatile environment.'
• No lithology given for locality 5.

Size class: mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• Al-Sarrar localities 4-9 and 11-24 can all be dated within a short period of time. Localities 5,6,7,8, and 9 are considered contemporaneous.

•All fossil material housed in the Department of Antiquities and Museums at Riyadh.

Primary reference: H. Thomas, S. Sen, M. Khan, B. Battail, and G. Ligabue. 1982. The Lower Miocene Fauna of Al-Sarrar (Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia). Atlal 5(3a):109-136 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 47024: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 01.02.2005, edited by Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Galeocerdo cf. aduncus Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
 Loricata -
Crocodylia indet. crocodilian
 Ungulata - Suidae
Listriodon sp. von Meyer 1846 pig
1 astragalus fragment (AS 958), 1 incisor fragment (AS 962).
 Ungulata - Tragulidae
Dorcatherium cf. libiensis Hamilton 1973 chevrotain
1 upper molar AS 964.