Cliffend, Middle Barton Beds, F, Hampshire (Eocene of the United Kingdom)

Where: England, United Kingdom (50.7° N, 1.7° W: paleocoordinates 49.2° N, 5.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Middle Member (Barton Beds Formation), Late/Upper Eocene (37.2 - 33.9 Ma)

• this bed is 25 ft thick, the lettering of the beds starts with the lowest Barton beds

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; concretionary, ferruginous, shelly/skeletal claystone

• brownish-grey clay with a layer of concretionary clay-ironstone with a shell band

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: In the introduction, Burton says that he is reporting fauna "the horizons of which are known to the author", and states that he has collected 480 specimens. It is also clear that he is pulling from other sources, some published (in difficult to obtain British journals), some not. It's difficult to tell which are his and which aren't. This is not a definitive source for this collection, but I think it's a reasonable place to start.

Primary reference: E. S.t. J. Burton. 1933. Faunal Horizons of the Barton Beds in Hampshire. Proceedings of the Geologist's Association 44:131-167 [J. Alroy/E. Leckey/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 42644: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Erin Leckey on 03.08.2004, edited by Lerin Baltzly

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

  - Anomalinidae
 Nodosariacea - Polymorphinidae
 Decapoda - Tumidocarcinidae
Cyclocorystes vulgatus Quayle and Collins 1981 crab
 Decapoda - Macropipidae
Portunites sylviae Quayle and Collins 1981 crab
 Decapoda - Calappidae
Calappilia scopuli Quayle and Collins 1981 box crab
 Decapoda - Chasmocarcinidae
Orthakrolophos depressus Quayle and Collins 1981 crab
 Podocopida - Cytherideidae
 Podocopa - Cytheridae
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Barbatia appendiculata" = Barbatia (Barbatia) appendiculata
"Barbatia appendiculata" = Barbatia (Barbatia) appendiculata Sowerby 1820 clam
 Arcida - Limopsidae
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
"Ostrea gigantea" = Gigantostrea gigantica
"Ostrea gigantea" = Gigantostrea gigantica Solander in Brander 1766 oyster
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea plicata" = Cubitostrea plicata
"Ostrea plicata" = Cubitostrea plicata Solander 1766 oyster
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
"Crassatellites sulcatus" = Crassatella
"Crassatellites sulcatus" = Crassatella clam
and var. ensiformis
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Venericardia sulcata" = Cyclocardia (Arcturellina) sulcata, "Venericardia davidsoni" = Cyclocardia (Arcturellina) davidsoni
"Venericardia sulcata" = Cyclocardia (Arcturellina) sulcata Solander 1766 clam
"Venericardia davidsoni" = Cyclocardia (Arcturellina) davidsoni Deshayes 1858 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
"Corbula rugosa" = Notocorbula rugosa Lamarck 1806 clam
"Corbula ficus" = Ficusocorbula ficus Solander 1766 clam
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama sp. Linnaeus 1758 jewel box
 Cardiida - Mactridae
"Mactra compressa" = Spisula compressa
"Mactra compressa" = Spisula compressa Deshayes 1832 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Callista aff. laevigata" = Costacallista laevigata
"Callista aff. laevigata" = Costacallista laevigata Lamarck 1806 venus clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Nemocardium parile Deshayes 1858 cockle
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
"Nucula bisulcata" = Nucula (Nuculoma) bisulcata Sowerby 1850 nut clam
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
""Leda" minima" = Nuculana
""Leda" minima" = Nuculana pointed nut clam
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
 Opisthobranchia - Bullidae
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullinidae
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Ancilla (Tortoliva) canalifera Lamarck 1802 olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Strepsidura turgida, "Pollia (Tritonidea) lavata" = Cantharus (Pollia)
"Pollia (Tritonidea) lavata" = Cantharus (Pollia) true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
Sycostoma bulbiforme Lamarck 1803 snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Marginella bifido margin shell
M. bifido-plicata
Marginella gracilis margin shell
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
"Volutospina depauperata" = Athleta (Volutospina), "Volutospina lucta" = Athleta (Volutospina), "Volutospina sp." = Athleta (Volutospina), Volutospina athleta, Lyria decora
"Volutospina depauperata" = Athleta (Volutospina) volute
"Volutospina lucta" = Athleta (Volutospina) volute
V. lucta rix and var. bi-spina
"Volutospina sp." = Athleta (Volutospina) Newton 1906 volute
Volutospina athleta Solander in Brander 1877 volute
Lyria decora Beyrich 1853 volute
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
"Murex tricarinatus" = Pterynotus (Pterynotus) crenulatus tricarinatus Lamarck 1803 mustached bat
"Typhis pungens" = Typhis (Typhis) pungens Solander in Brander and Brander 1766 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae
 Neogastropoda - Drilliidae
"? Raphitoma plicata" = Elaeocyma plicata Lamarck 1804 snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
"Surcula laevigata" = Turricula, "Surcula lanceolata" = Turricula, "Surcula rostrata" = Turricula, "Drillia granulata" = Crassispira (Tripia) granulata, "Hemipleurotoma denticula" = Gemmula, Eopleurotoma cedilla, Eopleurotoma rotella
"Surcula laevigata" = Turricula turrid
"Surcula lanceolata" = Turricula turrid
"Surcula rostrata" = Turricula turrid
"Drillia granulata" = Crassispira (Tripia) granulata Lamarck 1804 turrid
"Hemipleurotoma denticula" = Gemmula turrid
Eopleurotoma cedilla Edwards 1861 turrid
Eopleurotoma rotella Edwards 1861 turrid
 Neogastropoda - Borsoniidae
Asthenotoma pupa Edwards 1861 snail
"Bathytoma turbida" = Epalxis (Bathytoma) turbida Solander in Brander 1766 snail
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
Rimella rimosa Solander 1766 true conch
 Stromboidea - Rostellariidae
"Hippochrenes amplus" = Tibia (Hippochrenes) ampla
"Hippochrenes amplus" = Tibia (Hippochrenes) ampla Solander in Brander 1766 snail
 Ficoidea - Ficidae
Ficus nexilis Solander and Brander 1766 fig shell
 Littorinoidea - Littorinidae
Lacuna sp. Turton 1827 periwinkle
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
Eulima sp. Risso 1826 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Natica caillati, Natica sp., Natica (Euspira) labellata, "Globularia sigaretina" = Ampullaria sigaretina, Sinum clathratum, "Natica (Polinices) hantoniensis" = Sigatica hantoniensis, "Natica epiglottina" = Cochlis epiglottina
Natica caillati moon snail
Natica sp. Scopoli 1777 moon snail
Natica (Euspira) labellata Lamarck 1804 moon snail
"Globularia sigaretina" = Ampullaria sigaretina Lamarck 1804 moon snail
Sinum clathratum Gmelin 1790 moon snail
"Natica (Polinices) hantoniensis" = Sigatica hantoniensis Pilkington 1804 moon snail
"Natica epiglottina" = Cochlis epiglottina Lamarck 1804 moon snail
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
"Calyptraea aperta" = Calyptraea (Trochita) aperta
"Calyptraea aperta" = Calyptraea (Trochita) aperta Solander 1766 slipper shell
 Calyptraeoidea - Trichotropidae
 Xenophoroidea - Xenophoridae
Xenophora discoidea carrier shell
Xenophora agglutinans Lamarck 1804 carrier shell
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
Sassia flandrica triton shell
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
Rissoa sp. Fréminville 1814 snail
 Rissooidea - Vitrinellidae
Adeorbis sp. Wood 1848 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella sp., "Turritella imbricataria" = Haustator imbricataria
Turritella sp. Lamarck 1799 turret shell
"Turritella imbricataria" = Haustator imbricataria Lamarck 1804 turret shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
"Cerithium" sp. Bruguière 1789 cerith snail
 Pulmonata - Subulinidae
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
"Solariaxis canaliculatus" = Architectonica (Solariaxis), Solarium plicatum
"Solariaxis canaliculatus" = Architectonica (Solariaxis) sundial
Solarium plicatum Lamarck 1804 snail
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
 Cheilostomata - Lepraliellidae
Sphaeropora glandiformis
and a variety of this sp.
 Cheilostomata - Umbonulidae
 Cheilostomata - Romancheinidae
"Mucronella angustocecium" = Escharella
"Mucronella angustocecium" = Escharella
 Cheilostomata - Cribrilinidae
 Cheilostomata - Bitectiporidae
? Hippoporina sp. Neviani 1895
 Cheilostomata - Cupuladriidae
 Cheilostomata - Microporidae
 Cheilostomata - Electridae
 Cyclostomata - Lichenoporidae
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Lamna obliqua" = Otodus obliquus
"Lamna obliqua" = Otodus obliquus Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
"Odontaspis macrota" = Lamna macrota
"Odontaspis macrota" = Lamna macrota Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
"Odontaspis cuspidata" = Araloselachus cuspidatus
"Odontaspis cuspidata" = Araloselachus cuspidatus Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
 Teleostei -
Teleostei indet.
 Anguilliformes - Congridae
"Otolithus (Platessa) sector" = Paraconger sector
"Otolithus (Platessa) sector" = Paraconger sector Koken 1888 conger eel
 Pleuronectiformes - Soleidae
"Otolithus (Serranus) bartonensis" = Eosolea bartonensis
"Otolithus (Serranus) bartonensis" = Eosolea bartonensis Frost 1934 flatfish
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
Cybium bartonense Woodward 1901
 Ophidiiformes - Ophidiidae
"Otolithus (Ophidiidarum) cf. acutangula" = Ophidiidarum, Otolithus (Ophidiidarum) subregularis, "Otolithus (Ophidium) sp." = Ophidion
"Otolithus (Ophidiidarum) cf. acutangula" = Ophidiidarum
"Otolithus (Ophidium) sp." = Ophidion Linnaeus 1758
 Spatangoida - Hemiasteridae
Hemiaster branderi heart urchin
 Scleractinia - Acroporidae
"Madrepora solanderi" = Acropora solanderi
"Madrepora solanderi" = Acropora solanderi Defrance 1828 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae
Paracyathus crassus Milne-Edwards and Haime 1851 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Turbinoliidae
Turbinolia affinis stony coral
Turbinolia forbesi stony coral
Turbinolia sp. Lamarck 1816 stony coral
Turbinolia humilis Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850 stony coral
Turbinolia fredericiana Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850 stony coral
 Octocorallia -
Plantae indet. Haeckel 1866
wood and rhizomes
"Otolithus (Apogonidarum) bouryi" = Otolithes, "Otolithus (Merluccinus) shepherdi" = Otolithes, "Otolithus (Serranus) concavus" = Otolithes, Otolithus (Solea) approximatus
"Otolithus (Apogonidarum) bouryi" = Otolithes
"Otolithus (Merluccinus) shepherdi" = Otolithes
"Otolithus (Serranus) concavus" = Otolithes
 Miliolida -