Hefeng, Jingle County, Northern Shanxi Province (Pliocene of China)

Also known as Jingle

Where: Shanxi, China (38.4° N, 111.9° E: paleocoordinates 38.3° N, 111.2° E)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Ruscinian (5.3 - 3.2 Ma)

• ?Late Early Pliocene, MN15, Zanclean, Jinglean. Directly correlated with Teilhard de Chardin's Yushe Zone II'. Actual date is controversial and hinges on the presence of an Elephas tooth excavated in 1986, this is anomalous in comparison with the rest of the fauna and a similar dated site (Gaozhuang). May be transitional between Gaozhuang and Youhe.

Environment/lithology:

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: Second excvation in 1986.

Primary reference: Z. Qiu. 1990. The Chinese Neogene mammalian biochronology - its correlation with the European Neogene mammal zonation. In E.H. Lindsay, V. Fahlbusch and P. Mein, eds., European Neogene Mammal Chronology. Plenum Press, New York. 527-556 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 42477: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 30.07.2004, edited by Lars van den Hoek Ostende

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Type locality for Hipparion houfenense, Gazella blacki and Antilospira licenti.
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Ungaromys sp. Kormos 1932 mouse
Chardinomys louisi n. sp. Zhou 1988 mouse
 Rodentia - Siphneidae
Prosiphneus sp. Teilhard de Jardin 1926 rodent
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
some limb bones.
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion houfenense hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Nyctereutes sp. Temminck 1839 raccoon dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
Metailurus sp. Zdansky 1924 cat
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephas sp. Linnaeus 1758 elephant
1 plate of a milk tooth.
 Ungulata - Bovidae
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer
some limb bones.