You-he, Lower River You, Weinan, Shensi (Pliocene of China)

Also known as Youhe

Where: Shensi, China (34.5° N, 109.5° E: paleocoordinates 34.5° N, 108.9° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Piacenzian (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• The Fossils were found 'in green lacustrine deposits between the Upper Pliocene Lantian Series and the Lower Pleistocene Sanmenian Series.' Called the 'You-he series' which is found elsewhere in Shensi and may be correlated with the 'Lower Nihowan' beds.

•Dated using fauna to the Plio-Pleistocene - 'correlated to the Early Villafranchian of Europe and between the late Pliocene and the Nihowan period of Middle Early Pliocene of China.'

•Qiu (1990) says MN16, Piacenzian, Late Pliocene, Youhean.

Environment/lithology: lacustrinegreen

• 'green lacustrine deposits'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: X. Xue. 1981. An early Pleistocene mammalian fauna and its stratigraphy of the River You, Weinan, Shensi. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 19(1):35-44 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34506: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 04.09.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Nyctereutes sinensis specimens have larger crania and teeth than those from Nihowan, Kongwanglin and Choukoutien and are also larger than the N. megamastoides of Europe.
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Cyprinus sp. Linnaeus 1758 carp-like fish
 Rodentia - Muridae
"Epimys sp." = Rattus, Mus sp.
"Epimys sp." = Rattus Fischer 1803 rat
Mus sp. Linnaeus 1758 house mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys sp. Forsyth-Major 1902 vole
Very close to M. banchiaonicus in size and morphology.
Cricetulus sp. Milne-Edwards 1867 mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilus sp. Cuvier 1825 ground squirrel
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotonoides cf. complicidens pika
Ochotonoides sp. (sp. cf. complicidens)
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Proboscidipparion pater" = Hipparion
"Proboscidipparion pater" = Hipparion hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Nyctereutes sinensis raccoon dog
Very large (see note)
 Ungulata - Suidae
Sus sp. Linnaeus 1758 pig
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Cervavitus sp. Chomenko 1913 deer