Lukenya Hill GvJm 19, 110-80cm (Pleistocene of Kenya)

Also known as Lukenya Hill

Where: Athi-Kapiti, Kenya (1.5° S, 37.1° E: paleocoordinates 1.5° S, 37.0° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• A rock overhang. Dated using C14. Sample Gx-6757 = 8170(+-)1500 and 8010(+-)340. Gx-6756 = 6770(+-)225. Gx-6755 = 6040(+-)225.

Environment/lithology: cave

• Rock overhang. Tropical climate, savanna biome. Vegetation - arid, dry, woody growth in form of dry bush and scrub vegetation, near desert-like conditions.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• Holocene Aceramic in early Holocene, Holocene ceramic in middle Holocene. Material held in National Museum of Kenya.

Primary reference: C. W. Marean. 1992. Implications of Late Quaternary mammalian fauna from Lukenya Hill (South-Central Kenya) for paleoenvironmental change and faunal extinctions. Quaternary Research 37:239-255 [A. Behrensmeyer/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 32119: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 05.06.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli
"Equus burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli Gray 1824 Burchell's zebra
MNI = 4
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Felis serval" = Caracal serval, Panthera leo
"Felis serval" = Caracal serval Schreber 1776 serval
MNI = 1
Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758 lion
MNI = 1
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Herpestes sp. Illliger 1811 mongoose
MNI = 1
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus afer Pallas 1766 aardvark
MNI = 1
 Hyracoidea - Procaviidae
Procavia sp. Storr 1780 Cape hyrax
or Heterohyrax. MNI = 1
 Ungulata - Suidae
Potamochoerus porcus Linnaeus 1758 red river hog
MNI = 1
Phacochoerus aethiopicus Pallas 1766 desert warthog
MNI = 1
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Giraffa camelopardalis Linnaeus 1758 giraffe
MNI = 1
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Caprinae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
Ovicaprid. MNI = 1
Oreotragus oreotragus Zimmermann 1783 klipspringer
MNI = 1
Raphicerus campestris Thunberg 1811 steenbok
MNI = 1
Madoqua kirki dikdik
MNI = 1
Ourebia ourebi Zimmerman 1783 oribi
MNI = 2
"Gazella thomsoni" = Eudorcas thomsoni Gunther 1884 Thomson's gazelle
MNI = 2
Alcelaphus buselaphus Pallas 1766 hartebeest
MNI = 5
"Connochaetes taurinus" = Connochaetes taurina Burchell 1823 blue wildebeest
MNI = 2
"Sylvicapra grimmia" = Cephalophus grimmia Linnaeus 1758 common duiker
MNI = 2
Redunca fulvorufula Afzelius 1815 mountain reedbuck
MNI = 2
Pedetes capensis
  -
"Pedetes capensis" = Yerbua capensis
"Pedetes capensis" = Yerbua capensis Forster 1778 South African springhare
MNI = 1