East Turkana - Lonyumun HS (Pliocene of Kenya)

Also known as ETE Locality 1162, Lonyamun HS,

Where: Kenya (3.6° N, 36.2° E: paleocoordinates 3.4° N, 35.8° E)

• basin-level geographic resolution

When: Lonyumun Member (Koobi Fora Formation), Zanclean (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: Max age=4.35 +/- .05 (Karsa Basalt);min age=4.00 +/- .1 (Moiti Tuff) radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: sandstone

• ETE sed env 1: fluvial, ETE sed env 2: floodplain ETE event: ., ETE env comment: meander river chan
• ETE rock type adj: ., ETE lithology comments: med sands/mdst/20cm bonebed

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 949, ; ETE museum list: KNM

Primary reference: K. Coffing, C. Feibel, M. Leakey and A. Walker. 1994. Four-million-year-old hominids from East Lake Turkana, Kenya. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 93:55-65 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 22338: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 19.08.1999

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Perciformes - Latidae
Lates sp. Cuvier 1828 lates
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Cyprinidae indet. Bonaparte 1832 carp-like fish
ETE occurrence; species: Cyprinidae
 Osteoglossiformes - Gymnarchidae
Gymnarchus sp. Cuvier 1829 aba knifefish
 Polypteriformes - Polypteridae
Polypterus sp. Lacépède 1803 bichir
 Testudines -
Testudines indet. Batsch 1788 turtle
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychidae indet. Gray 1825 softshell turtle
ETE occurrence; species: Trionychidae
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Euthecodon brumpti Joleaud 1920 crocodile
Crocodylus sp. Laurenti 1768 crocodile
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE occurrence; species: Chiroptera
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE occurrence; species: Insectivora
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecidae indet. Gray 1821 monkey
ETE occurrence; species: Colobinae
Parapapio sp. Jones 1937 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
"Australopithecus cf. afarensis" = Praeanthropus africanus
"Australopithecus cf. afarensis" = Praeanthropus africanus Weinert 1950 ape
 Rodentia - Muridae
Muridae indet. Illiger 1811 mouse
ETE occurrence; species: Muridae
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciuridae indet. Gray 1821 squirrel
ETE occurrence; species: Sciuridae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
ETE occurrence; species: Rhinocerotidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Soricidae indet. Fischer 1814 shrew
ETE occurrence; species: Soricidae
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustelidae indet. Fischer 1817 mustelid carnivore
ETE occurrence; species: Mustelidae
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felidae indet. Gray 1821 cat
ETE occurrence; species: Machairodontinae
Dinofelis sp. Zdansky 1924 cat
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaenidae indet. Gray 1821 hyaena
ETE occurrence; species: Hyaenidae
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephantidae indet. Gray 1821 elephant
ETE occurrence; species: Elephantidae
Elephas sp. Linnaeus 1758 elephant
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Deinotherium bozasi Arambourg 1934 deinothere
 Ungulata - Suidae
cf. Nyanzachoerus sp. Leakey 1958 pig