South Turkwel (Pliocene of Kenya)

Also known as ETE Locality 1145, South Turkwel,

Where: Kenya (3.1° N, 35.8° E: paleocoordinates 3.6° N, 35.4° E)

When: Lonyumun,Kataboi Member (Nachukui Formation), Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: time_unit, ETE age comment: Lonyamun mbr est to be 4.3-3.9 Ma;fluv sed=~3.2 Ma

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrinegraded

• ETE sed env 1: fluv_lacustr, ETE sed env 2: . ETE event: ., ETE env comment: "lo lacus seq, up fluv seq"
• ETE rock type adj: ., ETE lithology comments: Lo:clyst/sh/tff/ss;Up:ss/conglom

Collection methods: ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 926, ; ETE museum list: KNM

Primary reference: C. V. Ward, M.G. Leakey, B. Brown, F. Brown, J. Harris and A. Walker. 1999. South Turkwel: a new Pliocene hominid site in Kenya. Journal of Human Evolution 36:69-95 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 22321: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 05.08.1999

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Colobinae "indet. lg." Blyth 1875 monkey
ETE occurrence; species: Colobinae lg.
Colobinae "indet. sm." Blyth 1875 monkey
ETE occurrence; species: Colobinae sm.
Parapapio sp. Jones 1937 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
Australopithecus sp. Dart 1925 australopithecine
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Glires -
Lagomorpha indet. Brandt 1885 placental
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Hipparion hasumense" = Eurygnathohippus hasumense
"Hipparion hasumense" = Eurygnathohippus hasumense Eisenmann 1983 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
cf. Canidae indet. Fischer 1817 canid
 Carnivora - Felidae
Megantereon sp. Croizet and Jobert 1828 cat
Homotherium sp. Fabrini 1890 cat
 Carnivora - Viverridae
Civettictis civetta Schreber 1776 civet cat
originally entered as "Civetticus civetta"
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Elephas recki" = Palaeoloxodon recki Dietrich 1915 elephant
ETE occurrence; species: early
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Deinotherium bozasi Arambourg 1934 deinothere
 Ungulata - Suidae
Nyanzachoerus kanamensis, "Notochoerus euilus" = Hylochoerus euilus, "Potamochoerus afarensis" = Kolpochoerus afarensis
Nyanzachoerus kanamensis Leakey 1958 pig
"Notochoerus euilus" = Hylochoerus euilus Hopwood 1926 giant forest hog
"Potamochoerus afarensis" = Kolpochoerus afarensis Cooke 1978 pig
 Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Giraffa stillei Arambourg 1947 giraffe
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Simatherium kohllarseni antelope
originally entered as "Simatherium kohllarsoni"
Madoqua sp. Ogilby 1837 dikdik
Antidorcas sp. Sundevall 1847 springbok
Alcelaphini indet. Brookes 1876 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: Alcelaphini-sm
Aepyceros sp. Sundevall 1847 impala