East Turkana - Kapthurin fm. (Pleistocene of Kenya)

Also known as ETE Locality 1096, Baringo, Kapthurin, Kapthurin fm.,

Where: Kenya (0.5° N, 36.0° E: paleocoordinates 0.5° N, 35.9° E)

When: Kapthurin Formation, Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• ETE dating method: composite, ETE age comment: Max age=.78 Ma;Min age=.25+/- .12 Ma (K/Ar dates from tuff K4) radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine

• ETE sed env 1: fluv_lacustr, ETE sed env 2: . ETE event: ., ETE env comment: 0
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: coarsely-bed blder conglm>fn-gned volc tuffs

Collection methods: ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 922, ; ETE museum list: KNM

Primary reference: L. E. Frostick and I. Reid. 1986. Evolution and sedimentary character of lake deltas fed by ephemeral rivers in the Turkana Basin, southern Kenya. Geological Society of America Special Publication 25:113-125 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 22272: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 04.08.1999, edited by John Damuth and Patricia Holroyd

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Sorbeoconcha - Thiaridae
Melanoides indet. Olivier 1804 snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Siluriformes - Clariidae
Clarias sp. Scopoli 1777 catfish
Reptilia indet. Laurenti 1768 reptile
ETE occurrence; species: Chelonia
 Struthioniformes - Struthionidae
Struthio sp. Linnaeus 1758 ostrich
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Crocodylus sp. Laurenti 1768 crocodile
 Squamata - Varanidae
Varanus sp. Merrem 1820 monitor lizard
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE occurrence; species: Carnivora
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecidae indet. Gray 1821 monkey
ETE occurrence; species: Cecopithecinae
Colobus sp. Illiger 1811 monkey
Papio sp. Erxleben 1777 baboon
Theropithecus cf. oswaldi Andrews 1916 gelada
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo cf. erectus Dubois 1892 human
 Rodentia - Nesomyidae
Dendromus sp. Smith 1829 African climbing mice
Cricetomys sp. Waterhouse 1840 giant pouched rat
 Rodentia - Muridae
Steatomys sp. Peters 1846 fat mouse
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Graphiurus sp. Smuts 1832 dormouse
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
Thryonomys sp. Fitzinger 1867 cane rat
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Ceratotherium simum Burchell 1821 white rhinoceros
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Soricidae indet. Fischer 1814 shrew
ETE occurrence; species: Soricidae
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758 lion
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Ichneumia sp. Geoffroy 1837 mongoose
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus afer Pallas 1766 aardvark
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephas sp. Linnaeus 1758 elephant
 Hyracoidea - Procaviidae
Heterohyrax sp. Gray 1868 rock hyrax
 Ungulata - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
ETE occurrence; species: Suidae
Potamochoerus porcus Linnaeus 1758 red river hog
Kolpochoerus majus Hopwood 1934 pig
Phacochoerus aethiopicus Pallas 1766 desert warthog
 Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Ungulata - Bovidae
cf. Syncerus caffer Sparman 1779 African buffalo
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope
Tragelaphus cf. scriptus Pallas 1766 bushbuck
Ourebia sp. antelope
Antidorcas sp. Sundevall 1847 springbok
Alcelaphus sp. Blainville 1816 hartebeest
Alcelaphus cf. buselaphus Pallas 1766 hartebeest
Damaliscus sp. Sclater and Thomas 1894 antelope
Oryx sp. de Blainville 1816 oryx
Cephalophus sp. Smith 1827 duiker
Sylvicapra sp. Ogilby 1837 duiker
Redunca sp. Smith 1827 reedbuck
Kobus sp. Smith 1840 antelope
Kobus cf. ellipsiprymnus Ogilby 1833 waterbuck
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle