Matupi Cave - Unit Matupi II (Pleistocene to of Congo-Kinshasa)

Also known as ETE Locality 895, Matupi Cave - Unit Matupi II,

Where: Congo-Kinshasa (1.4° N, 29.8° E: paleocoordinates 1.3° N, 29.8° E)

When: Unit Matupi II Member, Pleistocene to Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: "max=21350 +/- 3500y BP,TL date from 120 cm bel surf;min=2910 +/- 75y BP,C14 date from 30 cm bel surf" radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: cave

• ETE sed env 1: ., ETE sed env 2: cave ETE event: ., ETE env comment: soils deposited on cave floor
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: buff-brown soil and brown loam

Collection methods: quarrying

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 487, 485, 483, 478, 477, 454, 81, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: W. Van Neer. 1990. Les faunes de vertebres quaternaires en Afrique centrale. Paysages quat. de Afrique centrale atlantique,R.Lanfranchi(ed),Paris 195-220 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 22074: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 24.02.1999, edited by John Damuth and Richard Potts

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Homorus indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Subuliniscus indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Pseudopeas indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Gonaxis pusillus
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Ptychotrema quadrinotatum
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Helixarion indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Trichotoxon cf. ruwenzoriense
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Bivalvia
 Unionida - Etheriidae
Etheria elliptica Lamarck 1807 clam
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Gastropoda
 Architaenioglossa - Maizaniidae
Maizania cf. elatior snail
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
 Pulmonata - Achatinidae
Limicolaria saturata slug
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Reptilia
  -
Reptilia indet. Laurenti 1768 reptile
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Testudines
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudinidae indet. Batsch 1788 turtle
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Testudinidae
Kinixys sp. Bell 1827 hingeback tortoise
Testudo sp. Linnaeus 1758 turtle
Aves
  -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
ETE occurrence; species: Passeriformes
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Columbidae indet. Illiger 1811 dove
ETE occurrence; species: Columbidae
Columba sp. Linnaeus 1758 dove
 Caprimulgiformes - Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgus sp. Linnaeus 1758 nightjar
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Francolinus sp. Stephens 1819 francolin
 Struthioniformes - Struthionidae
Struthio camelus Linnaeus 1758 common ostrich
Reptilia
 Ophidia -
Ophidia indet. snake
ETE occurrence; species: Ophidia
Mammalia
  -
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Rodentia
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Carnivora
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecidae indet. Gray 1821 monkey
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecus sp. Linnaeus 1758 monkey
Papio anubis Cuvier 1824 olive baboon
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sapiens Linnaeus 1758 human
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: sapiens
 Primates - Galagidae
 Rodentia - Nesomyidae
Cricetomys sp. Waterhouse 1840 giant pouched rat
 Rodentia - Muridae
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Funisciurus sp. Trouessart 1880 Rope Squirrel
Protoxerus stangeri African giant squirrel
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
Thryonomys sp. Fitzinger 1867 cane rat
Thryonomys swinderianus Temminck 1827 greater cane rat
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Leporidae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
ETE occurrence; species: Rhinocerotidae
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Scutisorex somereni white-toothed shrew
 Chiroptera - Pteropodidae
Rousettus sp. Gray 1821 rousette
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Felis serval" = Caracal serval, Panthera pardus
"Felis serval" = Caracal serval Schreber 1776 serval
Panthera pardus Linnaeus 1758 leopard
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Atilax paludinosus Cuvier 1829 marsh mongoose
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus afer Pallas 1766 aardvark
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Loxodonta africana Blumenbach 1797 African elephant
 Hyracoidea - Procaviidae
Procaviidae indet. Thomas 1892 hyrax
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Procaviidae
Procavia sp. Storr 1780 Cape hyrax
"Procavia johnstoni" = Procavia capensis johnstoni Thomas 1894 Cape hyrax
 Ungulata - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Suidae
Hylochoerus meinertzhageni Thomas 1904 giant forest hog
Potamochoerus porcus Linnaeus 1758 red river hog
Phacochoerus aethiopicus Pallas 1766 desert warthog
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Okapia johnstoni Sclater 1901 okapi
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Murinae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae size II
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae size III
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae size Ia
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae size Ib
Syncerus caffer Sparman 1779 African buffalo
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope
Tragelaphus eurycerus Ogilby 1837 bongo
Tragelaphus scriptus Pallas 1766 bushbuck
"Tragelaphus spekei" = Tragelaphus spekii Sclater 1864 sitatunga
Oreotragus oreotragus Zimmermann 1783 klipspringer
Ourebia ourebi Zimmerman 1783 oribi
cf. Ourebia ourebi Zimmerman 1783 oribi
Alcelaphini indet. Brookes 1876 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Alcelaphini
Hippotragus sp. Sundevall 1845 antelope
cf. Hippotragus sp. Sundevall 1845 antelope
Cephalophus sp. Smith 1827 duiker
cf. Cephalophus sp. Smith 1827 duiker
Cephalophus monticola Thunberg 1789 blue duiker
Reduncini indet. Knottnerus-Meyer 1907 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Reduncini
Redunca sp. Smith 1827 reedbuck
Redunca redunca Hamilton Smith 1827 bohor reedbuck
Kobus kob Erxleben 1777 kob
Amphibia
  -
Amphibia indet. tetrapod
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Anura