Matupi Cave - Unit Matupi I (Holocene of Congo-Kinshasa)

Also known as ETE Locality 894, Matupi Cave - Unit Matupi I,

Where: Congo-Kinshasa (1.2° N, 29.8° E: paleocoordinates 1.2° N, 29.8° E)

When: Unit Matupi I Member, Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: Max age = 2910 +/- 75 (C14 date from ~30 cm below surface). Min age = 0 (modern artifacts at/near surface). radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: cave

• ETE sed env 1: ., ETE sed env 2: cave ETE event: ., ETE env comment: soils deposited on living floor
• ETE rock type adj: ., ETE lithology comments: "grey humic soil, grey-white ashy soil, and a buff-brown soil"

Collection methods: quarrying

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 477, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: W. Van Neer. 1984. The use of fish remains in African archaeozoology. Centre de Recherches Archeol. Notes et Monogra. Tech. 16:155-167 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 22073: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 24.02.1999, edited by John Damuth and Richard Potts

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Edentulina indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Nothapalus indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Subuliniscus indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Pseudopeas indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Gonaxis pusillus
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Ptychotrema quadrinotatum
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Trichotoxon cf. ruwenzoriense
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Potadoma indet.
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Bivalvia
 Unionida - Iridinidae
Aspatharia senegalensis clam
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Gastropoda
 Architaenioglossa - Maizaniidae
Maizania cf. elatior snail
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
 Helicarionoidea -
Trochozonites indet. Pfeffer 1883 snail
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Pulmonata - Achatinidae
Limicolaria saturata slug
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Achatina stuhlmanni von Martens 1892 slug
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Actinopteri
 Siluriformes - Clariidae
Clarias sp. Scopoli 1777 catfish
Reptilia
  -
Reptilia indet. Laurenti 1768 reptile
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Testudines
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudinidae indet. Batsch 1788 turtle
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Testudinidae
Kinixys erosa Schweigger 1812 forest hingeback tortoise
Aves
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
"Francolinus lathami" = Peliperdix lathami
"Francolinus lathami" = Peliperdix lathami Hartlaub 1854 forest francolin
Reptilia
 Ophidia -
Ophidia indet. snake
ETE occurrence; species: Ophidia
Mammalia
  -
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Rodentia
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Carnivora
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecidae indet. Gray 1821 monkey
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecus sp. Linnaeus 1758 monkey
Papio anubis Cuvier 1824 olive baboon
 Primates - Galagidae
 Rodentia - Nesomyidae
Cricetomys sp. Waterhouse 1840 giant pouched rat
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Funisciurus sp. Trouessart 1880 Rope Squirrel
Paraxerus sp. Forsyth Major 1893 African Bush Squirrel
Protoxerus stangeri African giant squirrel
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
Thryonomys sp. Fitzinger 1867 cane rat
Thryonomys swinderianus Temminck 1827 greater cane rat
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Leporidae
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Scutisorex somereni white-toothed shrew
 Chiroptera - Pteropodidae
Rousettus sp. Gray 1821 rousette
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Miniopterus schreibersi Natterer 1819 bend-winged bat
 Chiroptera - Hipposideridae
Hipposideros commersoni roundleaf bat
ETE occurrence; species: gigas
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
 Carnivora - Viverridae
Viverridae indet. Gray 1821 civet
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Viverridae
"Viverra civetta" = Civettictis civetta Schreber 1776 civet cat
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Crossarchus alexandri dwarf mongoose
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus afer Pallas 1766 aardvark
 Hyracoidea - Procaviidae
Procaviidae indet. Thomas 1892 hyrax
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Procaviidae
Procavia sp. Storr 1780 Cape hyrax
Dendrohyrax sp. Gray 1868 tree hyrax
 Ungulata - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Suidae
Hylochoerus meinertzhageni Thomas 1904 giant forest hog
Potamochoerus porcus Linnaeus 1758 red river hog
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Murinae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae size II
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae size III
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae size Ia
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovidae size Ib
Syncerus caffer Sparman 1779 African buffalo
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope
Tragelaphus scriptus Pallas 1766 bushbuck
Ourebia ourebi Zimmerman 1783 oribi
Cephalophus sp. Smith 1827 duiker
cf. Cephalophus sp. Smith 1827 duiker
Cephalophus rufilatus Gray 1846 duiker
Cephalophus leucogaster Gray 1873 duiker
Cephalophus monticola Thunberg 1789 blue duiker
Redunca redunca Hamilton Smith 1827 bohor reedbuck
Kobus kob Erxleben 1777 kob
Amphibia
  -
Amphibia indet. tetrapod
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Anura