Leopard's Hill Cave (Pleistocene to of Zambia)

Also known as ETE Locality 743, Leopard's Hill Cave,

Where: Zambia (15.4° S, 28.8° E: paleocoordinates 15.5° S, 28.7° E)

When: Pleistocene to Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: dates on charcoal radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: cave

• ETE sed env 1: karst, ETE sed env 2: cave ETE event: ., ETE env comment: 0
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: dolomite cave; weathered limestone

Collection methods: quarrying

• ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 488, 487, 483, 482, 481, 478, 477, 456, 121, 81, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: R. G. Klein. 1986. Later Stone Age Faunal Samples from Heuningneskrans Shelter (Transvaal) and Leopard's Hill Cave (Zambia). The South African Archaeological Bulletin 39:109-116 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 21924: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 06.05.1997, edited by John Damuth and Richard Potts

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Hyracoidea
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix africaeaustralis Peters 1852 Cape porcupine
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
Thryonomys swinderianus Temminck 1827 greater cane rat
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Rhinocerotidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli
"Equus burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli Gray 1824 Burchell's zebra
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mellivora capensis Schreber 1776 honey badger
Aonyx capensis Schinz 1821 African clawless otter
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis mesomelas Schreber 1775 black-backed jackal
Otocyon megalotis Desmarest 1822 bat-eared fox
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Felis serval" = Caracal serval, "Felis caracal" = Caracal caracal, Felis libyca
"Felis serval" = Caracal serval Schreber 1776 serval
"Felis caracal" = Caracal caracal Schreber 1776 caracal
Felis libyca Forster 1780 African wildcat
 Carnivora - Viverridae
Genetta genetta Linnaeus 1758 common genet
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Mungos mungo Gmelin 1788 banded mongoose
Herpestes ichneumon Linnaeus 1758 Egyptian mongoose
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus afer Pallas 1766 aardvark
 Hyracoidea - Procaviidae
Procavia capensis Pallas 1766 Cape hyrax
Heterohyrax brucei Gray 1868 rock hyrax
 Ungulata - Suidae
Phacochoerus aethiopicus Pallas 1766 desert warthog
 Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Syncerus caffer Sparman 1779 African buffalo
Tragelaphus strepsiceros Pallas 1766 greater kudu
Taurotragus oryx Pallas 1766 common eland
Raphicerus sharpei Thomas 1897 Sharpe's grysbok
"Gazella thomsoni" = Eudorcas thomsoni Gunther 1884 Thomson's gazelle
Alcelaphus sp. Blainville 1816 hartebeest
Damaliscus lunatus Burchell 1823 common tsessebe
"Connochaetes taurinus" = Connochaetes taurina Burchell 1823 blue wildebeest
"Sylvicapra grimmia" = Cephalophus grimmia Linnaeus 1758 common duiker
Aepyceros melampus Lichtenstein 1812 impala