Laetoli - Loc. 7E Ndol. (Pleistocene of Tanzania)

Also known as ETE Locality 622, Laetoli - Loc. 7E Ndol.,

Where: Tanzania (3.2° S, 35.2° E: paleocoordinates 3.3° S, 35.0° E)

When: Vogel River Series Formation, Gelasian (2.6 - 1.8 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: Max = Tuff 8 (3.46+-.12ma), Min = Ogal Lavas (2.41+-.12ma), these bracket upper Ndolanya Beds radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology:

• ETE sed env 1: volcanic, ETE sed env 2: paleosol ETE event: ., ETE env comment: minerals-change in soil environ. from Laetolil Bed
• ETE rock type adj: aeolian, ETE lithology comments: calcrets, 90-95% aeolian, some airfall tuffs, limestone and crystal-rich water-worked tuff

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 475, 415, 414, 409, 123, 104, 81, ; ETE museum list: BMNH: British Museum (Natural History), KNM, TDA: Tennessee Division of Archaeology

Primary reference: M. D. Leakey and J. M. Harris. 1987. Laetoli: a Pliocene Site in Northern Tanzania. Clarendon Press, Oxford, Great Britain [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 21804: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 12.10.1995

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Aves
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Francolinus sp. Stephens 1819 francolin
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: large
 Galliformes - Numididae
Numida sp. Linnaeus 1766 helmeted guineafowl
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Streptopelia sp. Bonaparte 1855 dove
Reptilia
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Bitis arietans puff adder
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: olduvaiensis
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecidae indet. Gray 1821 monkey
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Cercopithecidae
 Rodentia - Muridae
Tatera sp. Lataste 1882 large naked-soled gerbil
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Xerus janenschi African ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
Thryonomys sp. Fitzinger 1867 cane rat
 Carnivora - Canidae
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis sp., "Leo cf. pardus" = Panthera
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
ETE occurrence; species: large
"Leo cf. pardus" = Panthera cat
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
cf. Cynictis sp. Ogilby 1833 yellow mongoose
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaenidae indet. Gray 1821 hyaena
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Hyaenidae
Crocuta sp. Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
ETE occurrence; species: new species-Laetoli
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Deinotherium bozasi Arambourg 1934 deinothere
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Sivatherium cf. maurusium Pomel 1893 giraffe
Giraffa stillei Arambourg 1947 giraffe
Giraffa cf. jumae Leakey 1967 giraffe
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: alcelaphine-med.
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: alcelaphine-sm.
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope
Raphicerus sp. Smith 1827 antelope
Antidorcas sp. Sundevall 1847 springbok
Hippotragini indet. Sundevall 1845 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Hippotragini
Reduncini indet. Knottnerus-Meyer 1907 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Reduncini
Madoqua avifluminis
  -
"Madoqua avifluminis" = Praemadoqua avifluminis
"Madoqua avifluminis" = Praemadoqua avifluminis Dietrich 1950