Kanapoi (Pliocene of Kenya)

Also known as ETE Locality 135, Kanapoi,

Where: Turkana District, Kenya (2.4° N, 36.1° E: paleocoordinates 2.2° N, 36.4° E)

When: Kanapoi Formation, Zanclean (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: composite, ETE age comment: min based on age of overlying Kanapoi basalt radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; sandstone

• ETE sed env 1: fluv_lacustr, ETE sed env 2: . ETE event: ., ETE env comment: .
• ETE rock type adj: fine-grained, ETE lithology comments: also grit; approximately 70m of seds.

Collection methods: surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 6, ; ETE museum list: KNM

Primary reference: B. Patterson, A. K. Behrensmeyer, and W.D. Sill. 1970. Geology and Fauna of a New Pliocene Locality in North- western Kenya. Nature 226:918-921 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 21336: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 10.06.1991, edited by Philip Mannion and John Alroy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes indet. bony fish
ETE occurrence; species: Osteichthyes
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Geochelone crassa3 Andrews 1914 turtle
 Testudines - Podocnemidae
Podocnemis sp. Wagler 1830 river turtle
ETE occurrence; species: Lothagam A
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Euthecodon sp. Fortau 1920 crocodile
Mecistops sp.1 Gray 1844 crocodile
KNM KP 30451 (incomplete skull and lower jaw)
Crocodylus thorbjarnarsoni2 Brochu and Storrs 2012 crocodile
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Parapapio jonesi Broom 1940 monkey
 Primates - Hominidae
cf. Australopithecus sp. Dart 1925 australopithecine
 Rodentia - Muridae
Tatera sp. Lataste 1882 large naked-soled gerbil
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hare
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Hipparion primigenium" = Hippotherium primigenium
"Hipparion primigenium" = Hippotherium primigenium von Meyer 1829 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Enhydriodon sp. Falconer 1868 otter
ETE occurrence; species: Lothagam sp. nov.; originally entered as "Enhydrion sp."
 Carnivora - Felidae
Machairodontinae indet. Gill 1872 cat
ETE occurrence; species: Machairodontinae
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena sp. Brisson 1762 hyaena
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Anancus sp. Aymard 1855 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Deinotherium bozasi Arambourg 1934 deinothere
 Ungulata - Suidae
Nyanzachoerus sp. Leakey 1958 pig
Notochoerus cf. capensis Broom 1925 pig
"Notochoerus cf. euilus" = Hylochoerus euilus Hopwood 1926 giant forest hog
 Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
Hexaprotodon sp. Falconer and Cautley 1836 pygmy hippo
ETE occurrence; species: C-Lothagam
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Okapia sp. Lankester 1901 okapi
Giraffa sp. Brisson 1762 giraffe
ETE occurrence; species: sp.nov.-Lothagam
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: Bovidae
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope
Reduncini indet. Knottnerus-Meyer 1907 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: Reduncini