CAS 245, Grapevine Canyon (Eocene of the United States)

Where: Kern County, California (34.9° N, 118.9° W: paleocoordinates 35.7° N, 104.8° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Tejon Formation, Eocene (56.0 - 33.9 Ma)

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; brown sandstone and gray shale

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by Bruce Martin

Primary reference: R. E. Dickerson. 1915. Fauna of the Type Tejon: Its relation to the Cowlitz Phase of the Tejon Group of Washington. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 5(3):33-98 [J. Marcot/J. Marcot]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 207113: authorized by Jonathan Marcot, entered by Jonathan Marcot on 27.12.2019

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Polychaeta
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
"? Spiroglyphus tejonensis" = Rotularia (Rotularia) tejonensis
"? Spiroglyphus tejonensis" = Rotularia (Rotularia) tejonensis Arnold 1910
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Glycimeris eocenica" = Pectunculus eocenica
"Glycimeris eocenica" = Pectunculus eocenica Weaver 1912 clam
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
Crassatellites grandis, "Crassatellites uvasana" = Crassatella uvasana
Crassatellites grandis Gabb 1864 clam
"Crassatellites uvasana" = Crassatella uvasana Conrad 1855 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
Corbula parilis Gabb 1864 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Dosinia elevata Gabb 1864 venus clam
Meretrix ovalis Gabb 1864 venus clam
Meretrix uvasana Conrad 1855 venus clam
Meretrix tejonensis Dickerson 1915 venus clam
Meretrix hornii Gabb 1864 venus clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Macoma viticola tellin clam
 Cardiida - Psammobiidae
"Psammobia sp." = Gari (Psammobia)
"Psammobia sp." = Gari (Psammobia) clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Cardium cooperii" = Nemocardium (Nemocardium) linteum Conrad 1855 cockle
"Cardium brewerii" = Acanthocardia (Schedocardia) brewerii Gabb 1864 cockle
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
Glycimeris sp. Lamarck 1799 clam
as "Glycimeris, n. sp."
 Solenida - Solenidae
"Solen parallelus" = Solena (Plectosolen) parallelus
"Solen parallelus" = Solena (Plectosolen) parallelus Gabb 1864 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Lucina (Myrtaea) sp. Bruguière 1797 clam
as "Lucina (Myrtaea), n. sp."
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nucula cooperi Dickerson 1913 nut clam
Acila sp. Adams and Adams 1858 divaricate nutclam
as "Acila, n. sp."
Gastropoda
 Patellogastropoda - Lottiidae
"Acmaea tejonensis" = Patelloida tejonensis
"Acmaea tejonensis" = Patelloida tejonensis Gabb 1868 limpet
 Opisthobranchia - Cylichnidae
"Cylichna costata" = Scaphander costatus
"Cylichna costata" = Scaphander costatus Gabb 1864 snail
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Ancillaria elongata Gabb 1864 olive snail
 Neogastropoda -
Whitneya ficus Gabb 1864 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Pseudoliva volutaeformis Gabb 1864 true whelk
Phos blakianus n. sp. true whelk
Siphonalia tularensis n. sp. true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Molopophorus tejonensis n. sp. Dickerson 1915 snail
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
"Hemifusus lewisiana" = Volema (Hemifusus)
"Hemifusus lewisiana" = Volema (Hemifusus) snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
"Fasciolaria sinuata" = Latirus sinuatus
"Fasciolaria sinuata" = Latirus sinuatus Gabb 1864 snail
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
"Cancellaria stantoni" = Admete (Bonellitia) stantoni
"Cancellaria stantoni" = Admete (Bonellitia) stantoni Dickerson 1913 snail
 Neogastropoda - Mitridae
Mitra murietta n. sp. mitre shell
Mitra uvasana n. sp. Dickerson 1915 mitre shell
 Neogastropoda - Pseudolividae
"Pseudoliva tejonensis n. sp." = Calorebama inornata
"Pseudoliva tejonensis n. sp." = Calorebama inornata Dickerson 1915 snail
 Neogastropoda - Ptychatractidae
Exilia fausta n. sp. snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
"Surcula cowlitzensis" = Turricula, "Surcula washingtoniana" = Turricula, "Surcula ioformis n. sp." = Turricula, "Surcula alizensis" = Turricula, "Surcula coaequalis n. sp." = Turricula, Surcula cohni n. sp., Turris uvasana, Gemmula encinalis n. sp., Gemmula abacta n. sp., Surcula (Surculites) sinuata
"Surcula cowlitzensis" = Turricula turrid
"Surcula washingtoniana" = Turricula turrid
"Surcula ioformis n. sp." = Turricula turrid
"Surcula alizensis" = Turricula turrid
"Surcula coaequalis n. sp." = Turricula turrid
Surcula cohni n. sp. Dickerson 1915 turrid
Gemmula encinalis n. sp. turrid
Gemmula abacta n. sp. turrid
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus californiana cone shell
Conus aegilops n. sp. cone shell
Conus hornii Gabb 1864 cone shell
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
Cowlitzia canalifera Gabb 1864 true conch
 Ficoidea - Ficidae
Perissolax blakei Conrad 1855 fig shell
Ficopsis remondii Gabb 1864 fig shell
Ficopsis hornii Gabb 1864 fig shell
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Natica uvasana, Naticina obliqua, "Lunatia hornii" = Polinices (Euspira) hornii, "Lunatia nuciformis" = Polinices (Euspira) nuciformis, Neverita secta, "Amauropsis alveata" = Amaurellina moragai, "Amauropsis alveata" = Amaurellina moragai
Natica uvasana Gabb 1864 moon snail
Naticina obliqua Gabb 1864 moon snail
"Lunatia hornii" = Polinices (Euspira) hornii Gabb 1864 moon snail
"Lunatia nuciformis" = Polinices (Euspira) nuciformis Gabb 1864 moon snail
Neverita secta Gabb 1864 moon snail
"Amauropsis alveata" = Amaurellina moragai Stewart 1927 moon snail
"Amauropsis alveata" = Amaurellina moragai Stewart 1927 moon snail
 Cypraeoidea - Eocypraeidae
"Cypraea kerniana n. sp." = Luponovula mathewsonii
"Cypraea kerniana n. sp." = Luponovula mathewsonii Gabb 1868 snail
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Calyptraea excentrica slipper shell
 Calyptraeoidea - Trichotropidae
"Crepidula pileum" = Spirocrypta pileum
"Crepidula pileum" = Spirocrypta pileum Gabb 1864 snail
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
Argobuccinum californicum, Gyrineum uvasalis n. sp., Gyrineum uvasalis n. sp., "Nyctilochus washingtoniana" = Cymatium, "Nyctilochus sopenahensis" = Cymatium, "Nyctilochus cowlitzensis" = Cymatium, "Nyctilochus fusiformis" = Cymatium
Argobuccinum californicum Gabb 1868 triton shell
Gyrineum uvasalis n. sp. Anderson and Hanna 1925 triton shell
Gyrineum uvasalis n. sp. Anderson and Hanna 1925 triton shell
"Nyctilochus washingtoniana" = Cymatium triton shell
"Nyctilochus sopenahensis" = Cymatium triton shell
"Nyctilochus cowlitzensis" = Cymatium triton shell
"Nyctilochus fusiformis" = Cymatium triton shell
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella uvasana Conrad 1855 turret shell
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
Architectonica cognata Gabb 1864 sundial
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Dentalium stramineum Gabb 1864 tusk shell
Dentalium stramineum Gabb 1864 tusk shell
"Dentalium cooperii" = Dentalium cooperi Gabb 1864 tusk shell
 Gadilida - Gadilidae
Cadulus pusillus tusk shell