Holloman Gravel Pit (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as Frederick

Where: Tillman County, Oklahoma (34.4° N, 98.9° W: paleocoordinates 34.4° N, 98.7° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Irvingtonian (1.8 - 0.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: fluvial; gravel

• terrace deposit

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the TMM

Collection methods: salvage, quarrying

Primary reference: W. W. Dalquest. 1977. Mammals of the Holloman Local Fauna, Pleistocene of Oklahoma. Southwestern Naturalist 22(2):255-268 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 20382: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Cynomys ludovicianus Ord 1815 black-tailed prairie dog
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
"Tapirus haysii" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) haysii
"Tapirus haysii" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) haysii Leidy 1860 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
Equus giganteus Gidley 1901 horse
Equus calobatus Troxell 1915 horse
I presume this include type of "E. achates" based on discussion of Hulbert 1995b
Equus scotti Gidley 1900 horse
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felinae indet. Trouessart 1885 cat
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
? Megalonyx jeffersonii Desmarest 1822 Jefferson's ground sloth
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
Paramylodon harlani Owen 1840 Harlan's ground sloth
 Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae
"Glyptotherium arizonae" = Glyptotherium texanum
"Glyptotherium arizonae" = Glyptotherium texanum Osborn 1903 glyptodon
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Cuvieronius priestleyi Hay and Cook 1930 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus hayi Barbour 1915 mammoth
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus cf. vetus Leidy 1882 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Gigantocamelus spatulus Cope 1893 camel
Camelops sp. Leidy 1854 camel
Hemiauchenia macrocephala Cope 1893 camel
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus sp. Rafinesque 1832 New World deer