Haile 21A (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Alachua County, Florida (29.8° N, 82.1° W: paleocoordinates 29.8° N, 81.9° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Irvingtonian (1.8 - 0.3 Ma)

• said to be early Irvingtonian

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: G. S. Morgan and R. C. Hulbert, Jr. 1995. Overview of the geology and vertebrate biochronology of the Leisey Shell Pit Local Fauna, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 37(1) [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Ju]more details

PaleoDB collection 20351: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993, edited by Mark Uhen and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• replaces earlier, incomplete list of Morgan 1991
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Gopherus polyphemus1 Daudin 1802 Florida gopher tortoise
is represented by ten partial costals (e.g., UF 63616, 221261, 221851-221854), four neurals (UF 221095, 221303, 221354, 221355), a partial peripheral (UF 221054), and a PYG (UF 221355). Identification as Gopherus is based on bone shape and thickness of the specimens.
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Sigmodon libitinus Martin 1979 cotton rat
see also Morgan and White 1995
Peromyscus sp. Gloger 1841 deer mouse
large; see also Morgan and White 1995
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys pinetis Rafinesque 1817 southeastern pocket gopher
see also Morgan and White 1995
 Rodentia - Erethizontidae
Erethizon dorsatum Linnaeus 1758 North American porcupine
see also Morgan and White 1995
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus floridanus Allen 1890 eastern cottontail
see also Morgan and White 1995
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
"Tapirus haysii" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) haysii
"Tapirus haysii" = Tapirus (Helicotapirus) haysii Leidy 1860 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus leidyi Hay 1913 horse
see also Hulbert 1995b
 Chiroptera - Phyllostomidae
Desmodus archaeodaptes Morgan et al. 1988 vampire bat
a bat
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis austroriparius3 Rhoads 1897 vesper bat
a bat
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon sp. Storr 1780 raccoon
said to be new; see also Berta 1995
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis armbrusteri Gidley 1913 canine
Canis edwardii Gazin 1942 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Smilodon gracilis Cope 1880 saber-toothed cat
Xenosmilus hodsonae n. gen. n. sp.2 Martin et al. 2000 cat
Homotherium sp. Fabrini 1890 cat
see also Berta 1995
Lynx rufus Schreber 1777 bobcat
 Cingulata - Dasypodidae
Dasypus bellus Simpson 1929 beautiful armadillo
 Xenarthra - Megatheriidae
Eremotherium sp. Spillmann 1948 edentate
see also De Iulis and Cartelle 1999
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Cuvieronius tropicus Cope 1884 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus vetus Leidy 1882 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Palaeolama mirifica Simpson 1929 stout-legged llama
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer