USGS 785/USHS 5348, Snow Hill (Cretaceous of the United States)

Where: Greene County, North Carolina (35.5° N, 77.7° W: paleocoordinates 35.4° N, 48.4° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Black Creek Formation, Campanian (83.6 - 72.1 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; glauconitic, gray, green, argillaceous sandstone

• "dark green, glauconitic, argillaceous sand or sandy clay"

Size class: mesofossils

Collected by Conrad, Stanton in 1891

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

Primary reference: L. W. Stephenson. 1912. The Cretaceous formations. North Carolina Geological and Economic Survey 3:73-171 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 190555: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 11.12.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Rhynchonellata
 Rhynchonellida - Cyclothyrididae
Polychaeta
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
 Serpulimorpha -
Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Barbatia (Plagiarca) lintea" = Plagiarca, "Barbatia (Plagiarca) carolinensis" = Barbatia carolinensis
"Barbatia (Plagiarca) lintea" = Plagiarca clam
"Barbatia (Plagiarca) carolinensis" = Barbatia carolinensis Conrad 1849 clam
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Trigonoarca (Breviarca) umbonata" = Trigonarca, "Trigonoarca (Breviarca) carolinensis" = Trigonarca, "Trigonoarca sp." = Trigonarca, Glycymeris congesta
"Trigonoarca (Breviarca) umbonata" = Trigonarca clam
"Trigonoarca (Breviarca) carolinensis" = Trigonarca clam
"Trigonoarca sp." = Trigonarca Conrad 1862 clam
"n. sp."
 Arcida - Parallelodontidae
Nemodon brevifrons Conrad 1875 clam
 Arcida - Cucullaeidae
"Cucullaea carolinensis" = Idonearca carolinensis
"Cucullaea carolinensis" = Idonearca carolinensis Gabb 1876 clam
 Myalinida - Inoceramidae
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Pecten sp. Müller 1776 scallop
"n. sp."
 Pectinida - Limidae
Lima reticulata Forbes 1845 file clam
Lima oxypleura file clam
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Anomia sp. Linnaeus 1758 jingle
"n. sp."
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
Gryphaea sp. Lamarck 1801 oyster
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea sp. Linnaeus 1758 oyster
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
Pteria petrosa pearl oyster
 Ostreida - Bakevelliidae
Gervillia sp. Defrance 1820 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
"Inoperna carolinensis" = Modiolus (Inoperna) carolinensis Conrad 1875 mussel
 Carditida - Astartidae
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
"Crassatellites carolinensis" = Crassatella carolinensis, "Crassatellites pteropsis" = Bathytormus pteropsis
"Crassatellites carolinensis" = Crassatella carolinensis Conrad 1875 clam
"Crassatellites pteropsis" = Bathytormus pteropsis Conrad 1860 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
Corbula sp. Bruguière 1789 clam
"n. sp."
Corbula crassiplica Gabb 1860 clam
 Pholadida - Pholadidae
Pholas sp. Linnaeus 1758 clam
"n. sp."
 Cardiida - Arcticidae
Etea carolinensis Conrad 1875 clam
Veniella conradi Morton 1833 clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Aphrodina regia venus clam
Cyprimeria densata venus clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Linearia (Liothyris) carolinensis, "Linearia "n. sp. (a)"" = Linearis, "Linearia "n. sp. (b)"" = Linearis
Linearia (Liothyris) carolinensis Conrad 1875 tellin clam
"Linearia "n. sp. (a)"" = Linearis Conrad 1860 tellin clam
"Linearia "n. sp. (b)"" = Linearis Conrad 1860 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Cardium eufaulense" = Trachycardium eufaulensis, Cardium carolinensis, Cardium aff. alabamense, "Protocardium carolinensis" = Protocardia
"Cardium eufaulense" = Trachycardium eufaulensis Conrad 1860 cockle
"Protocardium carolinensis" = Protocardia cockle
 Solenida - Pharidae
Leptosolen biplicata Conrad 1858 clam
 Poromyida - Poromyidae
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
 Trigoniida - Trigoniidae
Trigonia sp. Bruguière 1789 clam
"n. sp."
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nucula aff. percrassa nut clam
"n. sp."
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
"Leda sp." = Nuculana
"Leda sp." = Nuculana Link 1807 pointed nut clam
Gastropoda
 Euomphalina - Elasmonematidae
"Callonema carolinensis" = Elasmonema
"Callonema carolinensis" = Elasmonema snail
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
 Neogastropoda - Tudiclidae
Pyropsis sp. Conrad 1860 snail
 Stromboidea - Aporrhaidae
Anchura sp. Conrad 1860 snail
"n. sp."
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Lunatia sp. Gray 1847 moon snail
Gyrodes crenata moon snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella quadrilira Johnson 1898 turret shell
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
? Chemnitzia sp. d'Orbigny 1840 snail
 Trochoidea - Ataphridae
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
? Dentalium sp. Linnaeus 1758 tusk shell
 Gadilida - Gadilidae
Cadulus obnutus tusk shell
Cephalopoda
 Ammonitida - Placenticeratidae
Placenticeras placenta DeKay 1828 ammonite
Chondrichthyes
 Lamniformes - Mitsukurinidae
"Lamna texana" = Scapanorhynchus texanus
"Lamna texana" = Scapanorhynchus texanus Roemer 1852 goblin shark
Actinopteri
 Ichthyodectiformes - Ichthyodectidae
"Portheus ? molossus" = Xiphactinus audax
"Portheus ? molossus" = Xiphactinus audax Leidy 1870
Aves
 Columbiformes - Columbidae