Butler Farm (Cretaceous of the United States)

Also known as SMU locality 20

Where: Wise County, Texas (33.3° N, 97.6° W: paleocoordinates 30.7° N, 57.2° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Middle Member (Antlers Formation), Albian (113.0 - 100.5 Ma)

• originally said to be from the Paluxy Formation: stratigraphic usage discussed by Winkler et al. 1990

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; sandy claystone

• "sandy clay matrix" (Tasch 1967)

Size class: mesofossils

Collected by B. H. Slaughter

Collection methods: bulk,

• SMU collection

Primary reference: B. H. Slaughter. 1965. A therian from the Lower Cretaceous (Albian) of Texas. Postilla 93:1-18 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 14375: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 21.09.1998, edited by Matthew Carrano and Roger Benson

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Branchiopoda
 Diplostraca - Lioestheriidae
"? Cyzicus (Lioestheria) sp." = Lioestheria9
"? Cyzicus (Lioestheria) sp." = Lioestheria9 Deperet and Mazeran 1912 clam shrimp
Chondrichthyes
 Hybodontiformes - Hybodontidae
Hybodus cf. butleri12 Thurmond 1971 elasmobranch
Hybodus butleri n. sp.10 Thurmond 1971 elasmobranch
SMU 62150-62184, 62186, 62187 (plus hundreds of tooth fragments)
 Hybodontiformes - Lonchidiidae
Lonchidion anitae n. sp.10 Thurmond 1971 elasmobranch
SMU 62144-62149
 Lamniformes - Eoptolamnidae
Leptostyrax bicuspidatus12 Williston 1900 mackerel shark
Actinopteri
 Pycnodontiformes - Pycnodontidae
Nonaphalagodus trinitiensis11 Thurmond 1974
SMUSMP 62136, isolated tooth
 Amiiformes - Amiidae
Amiidae indet.11 Huxley 1861 bowfin
SMUSMP 62270
 Lepisosteiformes -
Lepidotes sp.11 Agassiz 1843 gar
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
? Lepisosteus sp.11 Agassiz 1843 gar
SMUSMP 60958
Osteichthyes
 Dipnoi - Ceratodontidae
Ceratodus cf. americanus11 Knight 1898 lungfish
SMUSMP 62242
 Temnospondyli - Albanerpetontidae
Albanerpeton arthridion3 Fox and Naylor 1982 tetrapod
 Salientia -
 Caudata - Prosirenidae
Prosiren elinorae n. gen. n. sp.4
Prosiren elinorae n. gen. n. sp.4 Goin and Auffenberg 1958 salamander
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pleurosternidae
? Glyptops sp.11 Marsh 1890 turtle
SMUSMP 62267
 Testudinata - Helochelydridae
Naomichelys sp.11 Hay 1908 turtle
SMUSMP 62263
 Saurischia -
Sauropoda indet.11 sauropod
 Theropoda -
Theropoda indet.12 theropod
 Saurischia - Deinodontidae
? Deinodontidae indet.11 Brown 1914 tetanuran
 Neornithischia - Hypsilophodontidae
Hypsilophodontidae indet.11 Dollo 1882 hypsilophodontid
SMUSMP 62558, 62559
 Neornithischia -
? Tenontosaurus sp.12 Ostrom 1970 bird foot dinosaur
 Loricata -
cf. Bernissartia sp.12 Dollo 1883 crocodilian
 Squamata -
Mammalia
 Eutriconodonta - Triconodontidae
Astroconodon denisoni5 Patterson 1951 mammal
 Tribosphenida - Kermackiidae
"Kermackia texana n. gen. n. sp." = Kermackia texana8, "Trinititherium slaughteri n. sp." = Kermackia texana1
"Kermackia texana n. gen. n. sp." = Kermackia texana8 Slaughter 1971 mammal
"Trinititherium slaughteri n. sp." = Kermackia texana1 Slaughter 1971 mammal
SMP-SMU 61728 (holotype left dentary fragment of T. slaughteri)
 Tribosphenida - Holoclemensiidae
Holoclemensia sp.2, "Clemensia texana n. gen. n. sp." = Holoclemensia texana7
Holoclemensia sp.2 Slaughter 1968 eutherian
tooth, Lmx (SMP-SMU 61726)
"Clemensia texana n. gen. n. sp." = Holoclemensia texana7 Slaughter 1968 eutherian
 Theriiformes - Pappotheriidae
"Pappotherium pattersoni n. gen. n. sp." = Pappotherium pattersoni, "Slaughteria eruptens n. sp." = Pappotherium pattersoni1
"Pappotherium pattersoni n. gen. n. sp." = Pappotherium pattersoni Slaughter 1965 metatherian
"Slaughteria eruptens n. sp." = Pappotherium pattersoni1 Slaughter 1965 metatherian
 Multituberculata -
Paracimexomys sp.6 Archibald 1982 multituberculate